Anemone narcissiflora

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 542. 1753.

Common names: Narcissus-flowered anemone
Illustrated
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Aerial shoots 7-60 cm, from caudices, caudices ascending to vertical. Basal leaves 3-10, ternate; petiole (2-) 4-20 cm; terminal leaflet ±sessile, obtriangular to oblanceolate, (2.5-) 3-6 (-9) × 2-10 cm, base narrowly cuneate to cuneate, margins incised (sometimes with few serrate teeth) on distal 1/3, apex acute to obtuse, surfaces glabrous or puberulous to villous or pilose; lateral leaflets 1-3×-parted and lobed; ultimate lobes 3-10 mm wide. Inflorescences 2-8-flowered umbels or flowers solitary; peduncle puberulous to villous or pilose to nearly glabrous; involucral-bracts (2-) 3, 1-tiered, simple, greatly reduced, otherwise similar to basal leaves, obtriangular, distally 3-cleft and pinnatifid, (1-) 1.5-5 (-5.5) cm, bases clasping, ±connate, margins incised on distal 1/3, apex acuminate-acute to obtuse, surfaces glabrous or puberulous to villous or pilose; segments primarily 3, subulate or narrowly obtriangular; lateral segments unlobed or 2-3×-parted and lobed; ultimate lobes 3-10 mm wide. Flowers: sepals 5-9, white or yellow, or abaxially white, tinged blue, white, or blue, and adaxially white, ovate to rhombic or obovate, 8-20 × 5-13 (-15) mm, glabrous; stamens 40-80 (-100). Heads of achenes spheric; pedicel (4.5-) 5-14 (-18.5) cm. Achenes: body ellipsoid to ovate, flat, 5-9 × (3-) 4-6 mm, winged, glabrous; beak curved to recurved, 0.8-1.5 mm, glabrous. 2n=14.

Distribution

B.C., N.W.T., Yukon, Alaska, Colo., Wyo., Eurasia

Discussion

Varieties ca. 12 (3 in the flora).

J. Jalas (1988), W. Greuter (1989), W. Greuter et al. (1989), J. Jalas and J. Suominen (1989), and T. G. Tutin et al. (1993+, vol. 1) have recently used the name Anemone narcissifolia Linnaeus because they considered Anemone narcissiflora an illegitimate name. B. E. Dutton et al. (1995) recently proposed to conserve the orthography of Anemone narcissiflora, and the authors of this treatment ollow 14A.1 of the Code, which recommends following "existing usage as far as possible pending the General Committee's recommendation on the proposal" (W. Greuter et al. 1994).

The taxonomy of this highly variable, widespread species is extremely controversial. The conservative approach taken here most closely approximates S.L. Welsh's (1974) treatment for the Alaskan varieties. E. Hultén's discussion (1941-1950, vol. 4, pp. 735-736) of local races and the variation within this species, however, clearly illustrates the need for a thorough biosystematic investigation. Recognition of about 12 varieties is in light of S. V. Juzepczuk's (1970) work; however, he elevated local races to specific rank in his treatment.

The Aleuts used Anemone narcissiflora (no varieties specified) medicinally as an antihemorrhagic (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Lateral segments of involucral bracts lobed; petiole of basal leaves 15–20 cm; inflorescences umbels; stamens 60–80(–100). Anemone narcissiflora var. villosissima
1 Lateral segments of involucral bracts unlobed; petiole of basal leaves (2–)4–10 cm; inflorescences umbels or flowers solitary; stamens 40–60. > 2
2 Sepals (when fresh) white or abaxially white or blue and adaxially white (drying yellow); body of achenes 6–9 mm. Anemone narcissiflora var. monantha
2 Sepals (when fresh) yellow; body of achenes ca. 5 mm. Anemone narcissiflora var. zephyra

"broadened" is not a number.

... more about "Anemone narcissiflora"
Bryan E. Dutton +, Carl S. Keener +  and Bruce A. Ford +
Linnaeus +
connate +
narrowly cuneate +  and cuneate +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
rudimentary +
plumose +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
ellipsoid;ovate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
globose;cylindric +
ascending;vertical +
Narcissus-flowered anemone +
2-9-flowered +
B.C. +, N.W.T. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Colo. +, Wyo. +  and Eurasia +
showy +  and inconspicuous +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br />) +
stalked +, sessile +  and aggregate +
ovoid;obovoid +
spheric +
axillary +  and terminal +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (5.5 cm55 mm <br />0.055 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
lobed +, 2-3×-parted +  and unlobed +
petiolate +, compound +  and simple +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
palmate +  and pinnate +
incised;incised +
14 cm140 mm <br />0.14 m <br /> (18.5 cm185 mm <br />0.185 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (14 cm140 mm <br />0.14 m <br />) +
puberulous +  and villous or pilose +
distinct +
conspicuous +
reduced +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br />) +
not arillate +  and stalked +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
white;blue;white;tinged blue;white;yellow;white;blue;white;tinged blue;white;yellow;white;blue;white;tinged blue;white;yellow;white;blue;white;tinged blue;white;yellow;white;blue;white;tinged blue;white;yellow;white +
not persistent +
distinct +
5 +  and 9 +
ovate +  and rhombic or obovate +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br /> (60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br />) +
Illustrated +
persistent +
puberulous;villous or pilose +
Anemonastrum +, Anemonidium +, Anemonoides +, Hepatica +, Jurtsevia +  and Pulsatilla +
Anemone narcissiflora +
species +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
obtriangular;oblanceolate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
2-8-flowered +
herbaceous +  and woody +