Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 20: 156-157. 1918.
Stems 20-50 cm. Basal leaves 2-3×-ternately compound, 7-25 cm, much shorter than stems; leaflets to 9-19 mm, not viscid, sometimes glaucous adaxially; primary petiolules to 10-95 mm (leaflets not crowded), glabrous or sparsely pilose. Flowers suberect to inclined; sepals perpendicular to floral axis, pale-yellow, broadly lanceolate, 9-19 × 4-6 mm, apex obtuse to acuminate; petals: spurs yellow, straight, ± parallel or divergent, 30-40 mm, slender, evenly tapered from base, blades pale-yellow, oblong, 7-14 × 5-6 mm; stamens 10-19 mm. Follicles 18-22 mm; beak 15-18 mm.
Phenology: Flowering summer (Jul–Aug).
Habitat: Rocky places in canyons, mostly along streams
Elevation: 1900 m
Of conservation concern.
Aquilegia chaplinei is endemic to the Guadalupe Mountains.