Aquilegia vulgaris

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 533. 1753.

Common names: Ancolie vulgaire
Introduced
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Stems 30-72 cm. Basal leaves 2×-ternately compound, 10-30 cm, much shorter than stems; leaflets green adaxially, to 15-47 mm, not viscid; primary petiolules 22-60 mm (leaflets not crowded), pilose or rarely glabrous. Flowers nodding; sepals divergent from or perpendicular to floral axis, mostly blue or purple, lanceovate, (10-) 15-25 × 8-12 mm, apex broadly acute or obtuse; petals: spurs mostly blue or purple, hooked, 14-22 mm, stout, evenly tapered from base, blades mostly blue or purple, oblong, 10-13 × 6-10 mm; stamens 9-13 mm. Follicles 15-25 mm; beak 7-15 mm. 2n = 14 (Europe).


Phenology: Flowering spring–summer (May–Jul).
Habitat: Disturbed habitats
Elevation: 0-1500 m

Distribution

V3 242-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Conn., Ill., Iowa, Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Vt., Wash., W.Va., native to Europe

Discussion

Aquilegia vulgaris is cultivated as an ornamental and occasionally escapes into disturbed habitats. Most plants have blue or purple flowers (the wild type), but horticultural races with white or reddish flowers sometimes become established. Many cultivated columbines are derived from hybrids between A. vulgaris and related species. Some of our escaped plants are probably descended from such hybrids.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Aquilegia vulgaris"
Obtuse (?) +  and Acute (?) +
Alan T. Whittemore +
Linnaeus +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
cuneate +, truncate +  and cordate +
straight +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
purple +  and blue +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
6mm;10mm +
globose;cylindric +
Ancolie vulgaire +
1-10-flowered +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Conn. +, Ill. +, Iowa +, Maine +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, Vt. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +  and native to Europe +
0-1500 m +
1-10-flowered +
showy +  and inconspicuous +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
sessile +  and aggregate +
Disturbed habitats +
axillary +  and terminal +
compound +  and simple +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
cauline +  and basal +
not viscid +
parted +  and lobed +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (4.7 cm47 mm <br />0.047 m <br />) +
palmate +  and pinnate +
distinct +
conspicuous +
reduced +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
Flowering spring–summer (May–Jul). +
5 +  and 10 +
glabrous +  and pilose +
2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
not arillate +  and stalked +
obovoid +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
purple;blue +
not persistent +
distinct +
3 +  and 6 +
lanceovate +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (5.1 cm51 mm <br />0.051 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
W1 +  and Introduced +
purple +  and blue +
backward-pointing +
tapered +  and hooked +
1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
scale-like +
30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br /> (72 cm720 mm <br />0.72 m <br />) +
persistent +
Aquilegia vulgaris +
Aquilegia +
species +
enlarged +
herbaceous +  and woody +