Callirhoë involucrata

(Torrey & A. Gray) A. Gray

Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n. s. 4: 15. 1849.

IllustratedWeedy
Basionym: Malva involucrata Torrey & A. Gray Fl. N. Amer. 1: 226. 1838
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 242. Mentioned on page 240.

Plants perennial. Stems 4–11 (–21), decumbent to weakly erect, 0.5–8 dm, hairy, hairs stellate, 4-rayed, and simple. Leaves: stipules persistent, ovate to ovatelanceolate, somewhat auriculate, 2.5–15 (–23) mm; petiole 0.7–13 (–23.5) cm; blade suborbiculate to ovate, 3–5-lobed, 1–8.5 × 1–12 cm, surfaces hairy, hairs stellate and simple abaxially, mostly simple adaxially, lobes oblong, obovate, or inversely trowel-shaped. Inflorescences racemose; involucellar bractlets 3, linear to ovate, 4.5–17.5 × 0.5–3.5 mm. Flowers bisexual or functionally pistillate; calyx lobes distinct and divergent in bud, not forming point; petals reddish purple with white basal spot, white, or mauve with white margins. Schizocarps 7–11 mm diam.; mericarps 10–28, 2–5.5 × 1.7–3.8 mm, glabrous or hairy, indehiscent; beaks not prominent, 0.7–2.1 mm; collars weakly to well developed, 2-lobed.

Distribution

V6 435-distribution-map.jpg

Ariz., Ark., Colo., Fla., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Minn., Mo., N.Mex., Nebr., Okla., Oreg., Pa., Tex., Va., Wyo., n Mexico

Discussion

Varieties 3 (2 in the flora).

The varieties of Callirhoë involucrata, including var. tenuissima Palmer ex Baker f., which is known only from Coahuila and Nuevo León, Mexico, are weakly differentiated. Both of the flora varieties are cultivated.

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Sinuses between lobes of cauline leaves extending to within 5–15 mm of petiole; stipules 5–15(–23) × (3.5–)5.5–10(–15) mm; involucellar bractlets 6–17.5 × 1.5–3.5 mm; petals reddish purple with white basal spot, rarely entirely white; mericarps hairy. Callirhoë involucrata var. involucrata
1 Sinuses between lobes of cauline leaves extending to within 2–5 mm of petiole; stipules 2.5–11.5 × 1.5–7(–9) mm; involucellar bractlets 4.5–10(–13.5) × 0.5–2 mm; petals reddish purple with white basal spot, entirely white, or mauve with white margins; mericarps glabrous or hairy. Callirhoë involucrata var. lineariloba

"dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Callirhoë involucrata"
Laurence J. Dorr +
(Torrey & A. Gray) A. Gray +
sagittate +  and hastate +
Malva involucrata +
not prominent +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.21 cm2.1 mm <br />0.0021 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (8.5 cm85 mm <br />0.085 m <br />) +
3-5-lobed +, suborbiculate +  and ovate +
1cm;12cm +
0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br /> (1.75 cm17.5 mm <br />0.0175 m <br />) +
linear +  and ovate +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
Ariz. +, Ark. +, Colo. +, Fla. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, N.Mex. +, Nebr. +, Okla. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, Tex. +, Va. +, Wyo. +  and n Mexico +
sparse;copious +
dehiscent;indehiscent +
glabrous +  and strigose +
depressed-discoid +, oblate +  and not inflated +
axillary +  and terminal +
tough-fibrous +
connate +  and distinct +
simple +, stipulate +, sessile +, subsessile +  and petiolate +
distichous +  and alternate +
trowel--shaped +, obovate +  and oblong +
entire +  and serrate +
Brown (?) +, Tan (?) +  and Drying (?) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.55 cm5.5 mm <br />0.0055 m <br />) +
hairy +  and glabrous +
wedge--shaped +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (0.38 cm3.8 mm <br />0.0038 m <br />) +
3-40-carpellate +
(1-)2-many +
adnate +  and distinct +
13 cm130 mm <br />0.13 m <br /> (23.5 cm235 mm <br />0.235 m <br />) +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (13 cm130 mm <br />0.13 m <br />) +
Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n. s. +
7mm +  and 11mm +
reniform-pyriform +  and reniform +
persistent +
Illustrated +  and Weedy +
sessile +  and subsessile +
decumbent;weakly erect +
filiform +  and decurrent +
1-2 times number of carpels +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.3 cm23 mm <br />0.023 m <br />) +
? (?) +, ? (?) +  and ? (?) +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
10-28-branched +
Mallow +
Callirhoë involucrata +
Callirhoë +
species +
glaucous +, glabrous +  and hairy +
monoecious +, dioecious +  and hermaphroditic +