Calluna vulgaris

(Linnaeus) Hull

Brit. Fl. ed. 2, 114. 1808,.

IntroducedIllustrated
Basionyms: Erica vulgaris Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 352. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 491.

Shrubs 15–60 (–100) cm. Leaves widely spaced on leading shoots, closely spaced and imbricate on later shoots; blade oblong-lanceolate to ovatelanceolate, 2.5–3.5 × 0.5–0.7 mm, base auriculate-clasping, surfaces glabrous, keeled abaxially, concave adaxially. Pedicels: bracteoles 6–8 (4 distalmost simulating sepals). Flowers: sepals exceeding corolla, pinkish purple to white, petaloid, 3–4 mm; corolla pinkish purple to white, lobes 2 (–3) mm; filaments glabrous; anthers 1 mm. Capsules 1–2 mm, hairy. Seeds 0.5–0.7 × 0.2–0.3 mm. 2n = 16.


Phenology: Flowering late spring–summer.
Habitat: Wet acidic sites in bogs and fens, upland sites in old pastures and roadsides
Elevation: 0-1500 m

Distribution

V8 960-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; St. Pierre and Miquelon, B.C., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Conn., Mass., Mich., N.J., N.C., R.I., Vt., W.Va., Europe, w Asia

Discussion

Calluna vulgaris is well known as a constituent of moorlands in northern and western Europe, especially northern England, Ireland, and Scotland. The places where it is naturalized in North America are mostly coastal; inland it often is associated with railroads.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Calluna vulgaris"
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
Gordon C. Tucker +
(Linnaeus) Hull +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
auriculate-clasping +
Erica vulgaris +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
oblong-lanceolate;ovatelanceolate +
coriaceous +
0.5mm;0.7mm +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
pinkish purple +  and white +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
St. Pierre and Miquelon +, B.C. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Conn. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, N.J. +, N.C. +, R.I. +, Vt. +, W.Va. +, Europe +  and w Asia +
0-1500 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
pendulous +  and erect +
septifragal +
globose +
Wet acidic sites in bogs and fens, upland sites in old pastures and roadsides +
multicellular +
axillary +  and terminal +
imbricate +  and spaced +
persistent +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
revolute;plane;toothed;entire;revolute;plane;toothed;entire +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
5-30-flowered +
reduced +
not sticky +
Flowering late spring–summer. +
4-5-carpellate +
Brit. Fl. ed. +
5-30-flowered +
distinct +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br />) +
not tailed +  and ellipsoid +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (?) +
pinkish purple +  and white +
distinct +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
procumbent +  and prostrate +
creeping +  and sprawling +
ascending +  and erect +
peltate +  and capitate +
straight +
concave +  and keeled +
Undefined tribe Empetraceae +
Calluna vulgaris +
species +
hairy +  and glabrescent +
achlorophyllous +  and chlorophyllous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +