Calluna

Salisbury

Trans. Linn. Soc. London 6: 317. 1802 ,.

Common names: Heather Scotch heather ling bruyère commune callunaie
Etymology: Greek kallyno, to brush, sweep, or cleanse, alluding to use as brooms
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 491. Mentioned on page 372, 374.

Shrubs. Stems erect or ascending, (much-branched); twigs hairy to glabrescent. Leaves persistent, opposite; petiole absent; blade coriaceous, margins spinulose-ciliate. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, racemes or panicles, 5–30-flowered; perulae absent. Flowers bisexual, radially symmetric; sepals 4, distinct; petals 4, barely connate basally, corolla persistent, campanulate; stamens 8, included; anthers with awns, dehiscent by lateral slits; ovary 5-locular, (ovoid); style slightly exserted, straight; stigma capitate. Fruits capsular, globose, dehiscence septifragal. Seeds ca. 5–10, ellipsoid, not winged, not tailed; testa (firm), ± alveolate-reticulate. x = 8.

Distribution

Introduced; Europe, w Asia

Discussion

Species 1: introduced; Europe, w Asia.

Species 1

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

... more about "Calluna"
Gordon C. Tucker +
Salisbury +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
acicular;plane +
coriaceous +
Heather +, Scotch heather +, ling +, bruyère commune +  and callunaie +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
Europe +  and w Asia +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
Greek kallyno, to brush, sweep, or cleanse, alluding to use as brooms +
pendulous +  and erect +
septifragal +
globose +
multicellular +
axillary +  and terminal +
persistent +
revolute;plane;toothed;entire;revolute;plane;toothed;entire +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
5-30-flowered +
reduced +
not sticky +
4-5-carpellate +
Trans. Linn. Soc. London +
5-30-flowered +
distinct +
not tailed +  and ellipsoid +
distinct +
procumbent +  and prostrate +
creeping +  and sprawling +
ascending +  and erect +
peltate +  and capitate +
straight +
Undefined tribe Empetraceae +
Calluna +
Ericaceae subfam. Ericoideae +
hairy +  and glabrescent +
achlorophyllous +  and chlorophyllous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +