Calypso

Salisbury

Parad. Lond., plate 89. 1807.

Common names: Calypso fairy-slipper
Etymology: Greek kalypso, a figure in Homer’s Odyssey
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 622. Mentioned on page 494.

Herbs, perennial, rather succulent. Roots few, slender, fleshy. Stems scapose; corm slender to stout, fleshy; sheathing bracts usually 2, partially cloaking stem. Leaves produced in autumn, withering spring, solitary, arising from corm, plicate, leathery. Inflorescences terminal, each with 1 flower, arising from corm; floral bract with color of stem or sepals, reduced to prominent. Flowers solitary, resupinate, horizontal to slightly nodding, large, showy; sepals and petals ascending to erect; lip slipper-shaped, with basal orifice and 2 horns near apex, margin of lip dilated, forming bearded, apronlike lamina; pollinarium solitary; pollinia 4, flattened, superposed in 2 pairs flanking axis of pollinarium; viscidia large, quadrangular; stigma concave. Fruits capsules.

Distribution

Circumboreal

Discussion

Species 1.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

... more about "Calypso"
self-pollination +
Charles J. Sheviak +  and Paul M. Catling +
Salisbury +
indehiscent +
not +  and articulate +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
flattened +, triangular +  and cylindric +
Calypso +  and fairy-slipper +
Circumboreal +
Greek kalypso, a figure in Homer’s Odyssey +
3-merous +, sessile +  and pedicellate +
horizontal +  and slightly nodding +
lateral +  and terminal +
apronlike +
petiolate +, sessile +  and simple +
duplicate +, convolute +, whorled +, opposite +, distichous +  and alternate +
cauline +  and basal +
reduced +
leathery +
slipper--shaped +
larger +
differing in form and color +
1-many-flowered +  and cymose +
pendent +  and erect +
ascending +  and erect +
Parad. Lond., plate +
aerial +  and subterranean +
slender +
minute +
free +, distinct +, adnate +  and connate +
ascending +  and erect +
foliaceous +
not +  and alike +
pendent +  and erect +
proliferous +
thickened +  and stout +
Calypso +
Orchidaceae tribe Calypsoeae +
quadrangular +
aquatic +, lithophytic +, terrestrial +  and epiphytic +
saprophytic +, photosynthetic +  and mycotrophic +