Carex austrocaroliniana

L. H. Bailey

Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 20: 428. 1893.

IllustratedEndemic
Basionyms: Carex caroliniana Buckley Amer. J. Sci. Arts 45: 173. 1843,
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 447. Mentioned on page 443, 445.

Plants densely cespitose. Culms reclining or drooping, 19–51 cm × 0.2–0.7 mm. Leaves: basal sheaths purple; nonbasal sheaths with traces of purple, 7–40 mm; blades erect, ascending, or decumbent, green, 17–45 cm × (2–) 3–6 (–7) mm. Inflorescences: spikes (3–) 4 (–5) per culm, scattered; peduncle of lateral pistillate spikes slender, drooping, 8–11 cm, distal peduncle shortest; bracts reduced, 0.6–1.5 cm. Pistillate spikes the proximal basal, 7–12 × 4–6 mm. Staminate spike 1, linear, long-pedunculate, 0.7–2 × 2–4 mm. Pistillate scales keeled, 2.5–3.7 × 1.5–2 mm, midribs green, margins hyaline, purple outward, apex aristate. Staminate scales obtuse, 3–5 × 0.8–1.1 mm, midribs green, margins hyaline and purple. Anthers 3–3.2 mm. Perigynia 2–6 per spike, overlapping, finely veined, orbicular, 2.8–3.2 × 1.8–2.1 mm; beak tapering. Achenes orbicular, 1.8–2 × 1.8–2 mm, sides slightly concave at maturity, tightly fitting in perigynia. Style slightly bent from achene. 2n = 60.


Phenology: Fruiting spring.
Habitat: Rich, moist, deciduous or mixed deciduous-evergreen forests, often around steep seepage slopes or along small streams, mountain gorges
Elevation: 100–800 m

Distribution

V23 823-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Ga., Ky., N.C., S.C., Tenn.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Carex austrocaroliniana"
0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
orbicular +
smaller +
1.8mm;2mm +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.32 cm3.2 mm <br />0.0032 m <br />) +
Charles T. Bryson +  and Robert F. C. Naczi +
L. H. Bailey +
shortened +
tapering +
Carex caroliniana +
tapering +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
17 cm170 mm <br />0.17 m <br /> (45 cm450 mm <br />0.45 m <br />) +
m--shaped +
3mm;6mm +
glumaceous +  and foliaceous +
2-ranked +  and arranged +
ascending +  and appressed +
scale-like +  and leaflike +
reduced +
parallel +  and divergent +
terete +, rolled +  and plicate +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (?) +
purple +  and brown +
19 cm190 mm <br />0.19 m <br /> (51 cm510 mm <br />0.51 m <br />) +
drooping +  and reclining +
round +  and trigonous +
0.2mm;0.7mm +
Ala. +, Ga. +, Ky. +, N.C. +, S.C. +  and Tenn. +
100–800 m +
hypogynous +  and subtending +
1 +  and 2 +
biconvex +  and trigonous +
Rich, moist, deciduous or mixed deciduous-evergreen forests, often around steep seepage slopes or along small streams, mountain gorges +
multi-ranked +, 2-ranked +, 3-ranked +  and alternate +
basal +  and cauline +
hyaline and purple +  and hyaline +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (11 cm110 mm <br />0.11 m <br />) +
with (1-)3-6(-30) bristles and/or scales +
0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br /> (0.32 cm3.2 mm <br />0.0032 m <br />) +
0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br /> (0.21 cm2.1 mm <br />0.0021 m <br />) +
Fruiting spring. +
2-3(-4)-carpellate +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
bladeless +  and leaflike +
Bull. Torrey Bot. Club +
adventitious +
staminate +  and pistillate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
basal +  and proximal +
obtuse;keeled +
0.8mm;1.1mm +
cylindric +
concave +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
long-pedunculate +, staminate +  and pistillate +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
basal +  and proximal +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
septate +, hollow +  and solid +
compressed +, terete +  and trigonous +
papillate +
deciduous +
Carex austrocaroliniana +
Carex sect. Careyanae +
species +
plant +  and cespitose +