Carex bullata

Schkuhr ex Willdenow

Sp. Pl. 4(1): 309. 1805.

IllustratedEndemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 505. Mentioned on page 502.

Plants cespitose; rhizomes long. Culms trigonous in cross-section, 30–85 cm, scabrous angled distally. Leaves: basal sheaths reddish purple; ligules as wide as to longer than wide; blades light green, glabrous, flat to W-shaped, widest leaves 1.8–4.3 (–5) mm wide. Inflorescences 8–30 cm; proximal bract (3–) 9–35 cm, mostly equaling or exceeding inflorescence; proximal 1–3 spikes pistillate, erect or, sometimes, the proximal spreading, cylindric; terminal 1–3 spikes staminate. Pistillate scales narrowly ovate, 3.5–5.2 × 1.1–2.1 mm, shorter than perigynia, margins entire, apex obtuse to acute, awnless. Perigynia ascending to spreading, often green or straw colored, strongly 9–12-veined, veins running into beak, lanceovate, 5.9–10.2 × 2.4–3.3 mm, apex contracted; beak 2.4–4.2 (–4.8) mm, bidentate, finely scabrous at least near tip and on teeth, teeth straight, to 0.5–1.4 mm. Stigmas 3. Achenes brown, symmetric, not indented, trigonous, smooth.


Phenology: Fruiting May–Aug.
Habitat: Acidic soil of bogs and boggy meadows, open swamp forests, peaty or sandy pond and lakeshores, seeps
Elevation: 0–1100 m

Distribution

V23 939-distribution-map.jpg

N.S., Ark., Conn., Del., Ga., Maine, Md., Mass., N.J., N.Y., N.C., R.I., Tenn., Va.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Carex bullata"
trigonous;not indented +
not papillose +
A. A. Reznicek +  and Bruce A. Ford +
Schkuhr ex Willdenow +
shortened +
not +  and fibrous +
truncate +  and rounded +
Vesicariae +
0.42 cm4.2 mm <br />0.0042 m <br /> (0.48 cm4.8 mm <br />0.0048 m <br />) +
bidentate +
0.24 cm2.4 mm <br />0.0024 m <br /> (0.42 cm4.2 mm <br />0.0042 m <br />) +
light green +
flat +  and w-shaped +
0mm;20mm +
glumaceous +  and foliaceous +
2-ranked +  and arranged +
ascending +  and appressed +
scale-like +  and leaflike +
parallel +  and divergent +
terete +, rolled +  and plicate +
brown +, reddish-brown +  and reddish purple +
angled +  and trigonous +
30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br /> (85 cm850 mm <br />0.85 m <br />) +
N.S. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Ga. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, R.I. +, Tenn. +  and Va. +
0–1100 m +
open +, pistillate +  and staminate +
hypogynous +  and subtending +
biconvex +  and trigonous +
Acidic soil of bogs and boggy meadows, open swamp forests, peaty or sandy pond and lakeshores, seeps +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
prophyllate +, pedunculate +  and pistillate +
multi-ranked +, 2-ranked +, 3-ranked +  and alternate +
basal +  and cauline +
longer than wide +
with (1-)3-6(-30) bristles and/or scales +
straw colored +  and green +
ascending +  and spreading +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
Fruiting May–Aug. +
2-3(-4)-carpellate +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
short-sheathed +, sheathless +  and leaflike +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br /> (35 cm350 mm <br />0.35 m <br />) +
exceeding inflorescence +  and equaling +
adventitious +
green +  and dark-brown +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.52 cm5.2 mm <br />0.0052 m <br />) +
basal +  and proximal +
1.1mm;2.1mm +
septate-nodulose +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
staminate +  and pistillate +
, +  and erect +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
septate +, hollow +  and solid +
compressed +, terete +  and trigonous +
papillate +
persistent +
2-3(-4)-fid +
Carex bullata +
Carex sect. Vesicariae +
species +
straight +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.14 cm1.4 mm <br />0.0014 m <br />) +
0.59 cm5.9 mm <br />0.0059 m <br /> (1.02 cm10.2 mm <br />0.0102 m <br />) +
2.4mm +  and 3.3mm +
plant +  and cespitose +
1.8mm +  and 4.3mm +