Carex californica

L. H. Bailey

Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 1: 9. 1889.

IllustratedEndemicConservation concern
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 429. Mentioned on page 427.

Plants colonial, long-rhizomatous. Culms 15–60 cm, scabrous to smooth distally. Leaves: proximal sheaths fibrillose, bladeless, purple-tinged, 2–6 mm diam.; ligules 2–6 mm, as long as or longer than wide; blades of vegetative culms 10–30 (–50) cm; those of fertile culms green, flat or folded, less than 18 cm × 1.5–5.5 mm. Inflorescences 4–19 cm, 1.2–2 times longer than proximal bract; proximal bracts 2–12 cm, sheaths 0.5–3 cm, blades 1.5–10 cm; pistillate spikes occasionally staminate at apex, linearoblong, 1–3.5 (–5) cm × 2.5–7 mm. Pistillate scales purple-tinged, apex broadly acute or obtuse, sometimes subapically cuspidate, papillose. Perigynia loosely to densely arranged, 3.4–4.2 mm; beak not flared, 0.5–1 mm. Achenes pale to dark-brown, (2–) 2.3–2.7 × 1.6–2 mm.


Phenology: Fruiting early–mid summer.
Habitat: Rare and local in dry meadows, grassy slopes, and prairies
Elevation: 0–2100 m

Distribution

V23 785-distribution-map.jpg

Calif., Idaho, Oreg., Wash.

Discussion

Of conservation concern.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Carex californica"
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.23 cm2.3 mm <br />0.0023 m <br />) +
pale +  and dark-brown +
0.23 cm2.3 mm <br />0.0023 m <br /> (0.27 cm2.7 mm <br />0.0027 m <br />) +
trigonous +
smaller +
1.6mm;2mm +
not septate-nodulose +
papillose +
Paul E. Rothrock +  and A. A. Reznicek +
L. H. Bailey +
shortened +
tapering +
0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br /> (0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br />) +
not flared +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br /> (50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br />) +
m--shaped +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (?) +  and 10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (?) +
0mm;20mm +
glumaceous +  and foliaceous +
2-ranked +  and arranged +
ascending +  and appressed +
scale-like +  and leaflike +
parallel +  and divergent +
terete +, rolled +  and plicate +
purple +  and brown +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (18 cm180 mm <br />0.18 m <br />) +
folded +  and flat +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.55 cm5.5 mm <br />0.0055 m <br />) +
scabrous to smooth +
fertile +  and vegetative +
round +  and trigonous +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br />) +
Calif. +, Idaho +, Oreg. +  and Wash. +
0–2100 m +
open +, pistillate +  and staminate +
hypogynous +  and subtending +
biconvex +  and trigonous +
Rare and local in dry meadows, grassy slopes, and prairies +
1.2-2 times longer than proximal bract +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (19 cm190 mm <br />0.19 m <br />) +
prophyllate +, pedunculate +  and pistillate +
multi-ranked +, 2-ranked +, 3-ranked +  and alternate +
basal +  and cauline +
longer than wide +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
bidentate +  and entire +
with (1-)3-6(-30) bristles and/or scales +
sessile +  and veined +
yellowbrown +  and dark-brown +
ascending +  and spreading +
0.34 cm3.4 mm <br />0.0034 m <br /> (0.42 cm4.2 mm <br />0.0042 m <br />) +
Fruiting early–mid summer. +
2-3(-4)-carpellate +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
long-sheathing +  and leaflike +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
Mem. Torrey Bot. Club +
adventitious +
purple-tinged +
basal +  and proximal +
2-keeled +
cylindric +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
Illustrated +, Endemic +  and Conservation concern +
staminate +  and pistillate +
3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
septate +, hollow +  and solid +
compressed +, terete +  and trigonous +
papillate +
deciduous +
2-3(-4)-fid +
Carex californica +
Carex sect. Paniceae +
species +
plant +  and colonial +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +