Carex caroliniana

Schweinitz

Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 1: 67. 1824.

IllustratedEndemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 484. Mentioned on page 447, 457, 482, 483.

Culms 25–80 cm, glabrescent. Leaves: sheaths pilose; ligules as long as or shorter than wide; blades 1.5–4 mm wide, glabrescent or pilose abaxially and/or proximally. Inflorescences: lateral spikes usually approximate, 7–18 × 3.5–5 mm; terminal spike gynecandrous, at least 1/2 of flowers pistillate, 12–25 mm. Pistillate scales ovate, 1.5–2.4 (–3) × 0.7–1.5 mm, shorter than perigynia, apex acute to acuminate. Staminate scales oblongovate, 2.4–5.1 mm, apex acuminate. Anthers 1.4–2.5 mm. Perigynia spreading, 7–14-veined, obovate-circular, nearly circular in cross-section, 2.1–3 × 1.1–2 mm, not papillose, glabrous or sparsely pilose; beak absent. Achenes 1.6–2.2 × 1–1.4 mm. 2n = 48.


Phenology: Fruiting late spring–early summer.
Habitat: Ditches, shores
Elevation: 0–500 m

Distribution

V23 893-distribution-map.jpg

Ark., Del., D.C., Ga., Ind., Kans., Md., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Carex caroliniana"
0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br /> (0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br />) +
trigonous +
1mm;1.4mm +
stipitate +, veinless +  and veined +
elliptic +  and broadly obovate rounded-trigonous +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.14 cm1.4 mm <br />0.0014 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
, +  and beakless +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
Peter W. Ball +
Schweinitz +
shortened +
tapering +  and rounded +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br />) +
pilose +  and glabrescent +
v--shaped +
1.5mm;4mm +
glumaceous +  and foliaceous +
2-ranked +  and arranged +
ascending +  and appressed +
scale-like +  and leaflike +
parallel +  and divergent +
terete +, rolled +  and plicate +
glabrescent +
round +  and trigonous +
25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br /> (80 cm800 mm <br />0.8 m <br />) +
Ark. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ga. +, Ind. +, Kans. +, Md. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.J. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +  and W.Va. +
0–500 m +
hypogynous +  and subtending +
biconvex +  and trigonous +
Ditches, shores +
prophyllate +, pedunculate +  and pistillate +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
multi-ranked +, 2-ranked +, 3-ranked +  and alternate +
basal +  and cauline +
subentire +  and entire +
with (1-)3-6(-30) bristles and/or scales +
circular +  and obovate-circular +
0.21 cm2.1 mm <br />0.0021 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
pilose +  and glabrous +
not papillose +
0.11 cm1.1 mm <br />0.0011 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
Fruiting late spring–early summer. +
2-3(-4)-carpellate +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York +
adventitious +
staminate +  and pistillate +
0.24 cm2.4 mm <br />0.0024 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.24 cm2.4 mm <br />0.0024 m <br />) +
basal +  and proximal +
0.24 cm2.4 mm <br />0.0024 m <br /> (0.51 cm5.1 mm <br />0.0051 m <br />) +
0.7mm;1.5mm +
cylindric +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
septate +, hollow +  and solid +
compressed +, terete +  and trigonous +
papillate +
deciduous +
2-3(-4)-fid +
Carex sect. Virescentes +
Carex caroliniana +
Carex sect. Porocystis +
species +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
plant +  and cespitose +