Carex cristatella

Britton in N. L. Britton and A. Brown

in N. L. Britton and A. Brown, Ill. Fl. N. U.S. 1: 357. 1896.

Common names: Carex accrêté
IllustratedEndemic
Basionyms: Carex cristata Schweinitz Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 1: 66. 1824,
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 364. Mentioned on page 336, 365.

Plants densely cespitose. Culms 30–100 cm; vegetative culms with numerous leaves spaced evenly along distal 1/2. Leaves: sheaths adaxially green-veined nearly to collar, with V-shaped hyaline band extending 4–20 mm proximal to collar; somewhat loose, expanded near summit, ± wing-angled, adaxially firm, summits truncate to U-shaped, prolonged beyond collar; distal ligules 4–10 mm; blades 4–6 per fertile culm, 13–40 cm × 3–7.5 mm. Inflorescences dense or proximally open, brown, 2–4 (–4.5) cm × 8–15 mm; proximal internode 2–6 mm; 2d internode 2–4 mm; proximal bracts scalelike with bristle tip to 1 (–8) cm. Spikes 6–15, usually widely spaced, globose, 4–8 × 4–8 mm, base rounded to tapered, apex rounded. Pistillate scales white-hyaline or pale-brown with green to brown midstripe not reaching tip, lanceolate, 1.6–2.3 mm, 1/2 length of and narrower than perigynia, hidden by perignyium beaks, apex acute or ultimate apex often rounded to retuse. Perigynia spreading to ascending, with beak and distal body of perigynium spreading or recurrent at 80º angle or greater, pale green to pale-brown, conspicuously 3–6-veined abaxially, conspicuously 2–6-veined adaxially, ovate to elliptic, planoconvex, 2–3.5 times as long as wide, 2.7–4 × 1–1.7 mm, 0.3–0.4 mm thick, margin flat, including wing 0.1–0.2 mm wide, abruptly narrowed proximally, not extending to base; beak tip usually not colored, flat, ciliate-serrulate, distance from beak tip to achene 1.5–1.8 mm. Achenes oblongovate, 1.2–1.5 × 0.6–0.8 mm, 0.3–0.4 mm thick. 2n = 70.


Phenology: Fruiting summer.
Habitat: Moist to wet meadows, marshes, thickets, stream banks, ditches
Elevation: 20–400 m

Distribution

V23 640-distribution-map.jpg

Man., Ont., Que., Sask., Conn., Del., D.C., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Pa., S.Dak., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis., Europe ()

Discussion

When mature, Carex cristatella is readily distinguished from most other species of sect. Ovales by the widely spreading perigynia and the globose spikes, but immature specimens are frequently mistaken for other species, especially C. bebbii.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"narrower" is not a number."+timesaslongasinflorescences" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property."not undefined" is not a number.

... more about "Carex cristatella"
biconvex +
smaller +
0.3mm +  and 0.4mm +
80;80;80;80;80;80;80 +
bidentatate +
papillose +
Joy Mastrogiuseppe +, Paul E. Rothrock +, A. C. Dibble +  and A. A. Reznicek +
Britton in N. L. Britton and A. Brown +
shortened +
v--shaped +
persistent +
rounded +  and tapered +
not enlarged +
Carex cristata +
13 cm130 mm <br />0.13 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
4 (?) +  and 6 (?) +
v--shaped +
3mm;7.5mm +
glumaceous +  and foliaceous +
2-ranked +  and arranged +
ascending +  and appressed +
scale-like +  and leaflike +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
parallel +  and divergent +
terete +, rolled +  and plicate +
Carex accrêté +
fertile +  and vegetative +
round +  and trigonous +
30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +
recurrent +  and spreading +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Man. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, S.Dak. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +  and Europe () +
20–400 m +
open +, pistillate +  and staminate +
hypogynous +  and subtending +
biconvex +  and trigonous +
Moist to wet meadows, marshes, thickets, stream banks, ditches +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
not prophyllate +, sessile +  and pistillate +
basal +  and cauline +
wing-angled +
expanded +
2-6-veined +  and 3-6-veined +
0.3mm +  and 0.4mm +
pale green +  and pale-brown +
planoconvex;planoconvex;planoconvex;ovate;elliptic +
greater +
green +  and brown +
with (1-)3-6(-30) bristles and/or scales +
stipitate +, veinless +  and veined +
spreading +  and ascending +
Fruiting summer. +
2-3(-4)-carpellate +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
sheathless +  and bristlelike +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
in N. L. Britton and A. Brown, Ill. Fl. N. U.S. +
adventitious +
pale-brown +  and white-hyaline +
basal +  and proximal +
lanceolate +
0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br /> (0.23 cm2.3 mm <br />0.0023 m <br />) +
herbaceous +  and membranous +
not differentiated +
cylindric +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
globose +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
septate +, hollow +  and solid +
compressed +, terete +  and trigonous +
papillate +
deciduous +  and persistent +
2-3(-4)-fid +
prolonged +
truncate +  and u-shaped +
Carex cristatella +
Carex sect. Ovales +
species +
plant +  and cespitose +