Carex divulsa subsp. divulsa

IntroducedIllustrated
Synonyms: Carex virens Lamarck
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 292.

Plants without conspicuous rhizomes. Culms 25–90 cm, 1.8–3 mm wide basally, 0.8–1 mm wide distally. Leaves: sheaths tight, green, fronts hyaline; ligules to 2 mm, shorter than wide; widest leaf-blades 2–3 mm wide, often papillose adaxially. Inflorescences with 4–8 spikes, 5–18 cm × 6–10 mm; proximal internodes 20+ mm, usually more than 2 times as long as proximal spikes; proximal bracts 1–4 cm; spikes with 3–12 spreading perigynia. Pistillate scales hyaline or pale-brown with green, 3-veined center, ovate-elliptic, 2.8–3.7 (–4) × 1.3–2.6 mm, body as long as perigynium, apex acute to short-awned. Anthers 1.5–1.9 mm. Perigynia pale-yellow, finally dark-brown to black, usually to 11-veined abaxially, 3.5–5.5 × (1.7–) 2–2.6 mm, margins serrulate distally; beak 0.8–1.5 mm, apical teeth 0.3–0.6 mm. Achenes elliptic-ovate, 2.3–2.5 × 1.5–1.7 mm.


Phenology: Fruiting late spring–early summer.
Habitat: Fields, pastures, scrub, forest edges
Elevation: 10–200 m

Distribution

V23 500-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Ont., D.C., Pa., Europe, w Asia

Discussion

Carex divulsa subsp. leersii (Kneucker) Walo Koch (Carex leersii F. W. Schultz, not Willdenow) has been reported from eastern North America. All the specimens appear to be best accommodated in subsp. divulsa, although they may differ slightly from the above description.

Carex divulsa and C. muricata are part of a taxonomically difficult complex native in Europe and western Asia, which has been variously treated as consisting of several distinct species or as a single species with up to four infraspecific taxa. The treatment here is based on that by A. O. Chater (1980), who recognized two species each with two subspecies.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"widest" is not a number.

0.23 cm2.3 mm <br />0.0023 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
elliptic-ovate +
smaller +
1.5mm;1.7mm +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.19 cm1.9 mm <br />0.0019 m <br />) +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
Peter W. Ball +
Stokes in W. Withering +
shortened +
white-hyaline +, hyaline +  and narrow +
red tinged +  and brown +
rounded +
bidentate +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
v--shaped +
0mm;20mm +
glumaceous +  and foliaceous +
2-ranked +  and arranged +
ascending +  and appressed +
scale-like +  and leaflike +
parallel +  and divergent +
terete +, rolled +  and plicate +
0.37 cm3.7 mm <br />0.0037 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br /> (0.37 cm3.7 mm <br />0.0037 m <br />) +
ovate-elliptic +
0.13 cm1.3 mm <br />0.0013 m <br /> (0.26 cm2.6 mm <br />0.0026 m <br />) +
round +  and trigonous +
25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br /> (90 cm900 mm <br />0.9 m <br />) +
0.8mm;1mm +
Ont. +, D.C. +, Pa. +, Europe +  and w Asia +
10–200 m +
open +, pistillate +  and staminate +
hypogynous +  and subtending +
biconvex +  and trigonous +
Fields, pastures, scrub, forest edges +
, +  and racemose +
sessile +  and pistillate +
multi-ranked +, 2-ranked +, 3-ranked +  and alternate +
basal +  and cauline +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
3.5mm;5.5mm +
2mm +  and 2.6mm +
with (1-)3-6(-30) bristles and/or scales +
stipitate +, not +  and veined +
finally dark-brown +  and black +
Fruiting late spring–early summer. +
2-3(-4)-carpellate +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
2+ times as long as proximal spikes +
in W. Withering, Bot. Arr. Brit. Pl. ed. +
adventitious +
pale-brown with green +  and hyaline +
basal +  and proximal +
2-keeled +
cylindric +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
septate +, hollow +  and solid +
compressed +, terete +  and trigonous +
papillate +
deciduous +
2-3(-4)-fid +
Carex virens +
Carex divulsa subsp. divulsa +
Carex divulsa +
subspecies +
rhizomatous +  and short-rhizomatous +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +