Carex gmelinii

Hooker & Arnott

Bot. Beechey Voy., 118, plate 27. 1832.

Illustrated
Synonyms: Carex acrolepis Ledebour Carex laticuspis Franchet
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 408. Mentioned on page 403, 407.

Plants densely cespitose. Culms 20–60 cm, distally scabrous. Leaves 2–4 mm wide. Inflorescences: proximal bracts equaling or exceeding inflorescences; spikes separate, short-oblong or elongate, 10–30 × 5–10 mm; proximal spikes sometimes spreading, long-pendunculate; distal spikes erect, short-pendunculate; lateral 2–4 spikes pistillate, contiguous, of similar length; terminal spike gynecandrous. Pistillate scales dark-brown or black to margins, lanceolate, slightly shorter, equaling, or exceeding and as broad as perigynia, midvein lighter colored than body, conspicuous, raised, prominent, mucronate. Perigynia ascending, brown, vein, elliptic, 3.5–5 × 2–3 mm, apex gradually or abruptly beaked, smooth; beak 0.2–0.3 mm, truncate or obscurely bidentate, smooth. Achenes nearly filling body of perigynia. 2n = ca. 62.


Phenology: Fruiting Jun–Sep.
Habitat: Coastal cliffs, beach meadows, sand dunes, swales, gravels
Elevation: 0–10 m

Distribution

V23 732-distribution-map.jpg

B.C., Alaska, Asia (Japan), Asia (Russian Far East)

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Carex gmelinii"
trigonous +
smaller +
papillose +  and smooth +
David F. Murray +
Hooker & Arnott +
shortened +
cuneate +  and more or less rounded +
bidentate +  and truncate +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br />) +
v--shaped +
0mm;20mm +
glumaceous +  and foliaceous +
2-ranked +  and arranged +
ascending +  and appressed +
scale-like +  and leaflike +
parallel +  and divergent +
terete +, rolled +  and plicate +
papillose +  and smooth +
red +  and purple +
round +  and trigonous +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br />) +
short-pendunculate +
B.C. +, Alaska +, Asia (Japan) +  and Asia (Russian Far East) +
0–10 m +
hypogynous +  and subtending +
biconvex +  and trigonous +
Coastal cliffs, beach meadows, sand dunes, swales, gravels +
prophyllate +, pedunculate +  and pistillate +
multi-ranked +, 2-ranked +, 3-ranked +  and alternate +
basal +  and cauline +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
lighter colored +
prominent +, raised +  and conspicuous +
mucronate +
with (1-)3-6(-30) bristles and/or scales +
sessile +, veinless +  and veined +
Fruiting Jun–Sep. +
2-3(-4)-carpellate +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
scale-like;,;thread-like +
exceeding inflorescences +  and equaling +
ladder-fibrillose +  and veined +
purple +, tinged red +  and dotted +
Bot. Beechey Voy., +
black without yellowbrown +  and brown +
adventitious +
black +  and dark-brown +
basal +  and proximal +
lanceolate +
cylindric +
Illustrated +
contiguous +  and separate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
elongate;short-oblong +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
septate +, hollow +  and solid +
compressed +, terete +  and trigonous +
2 +  and 3 +
papillate +
deciduous +
2-3(-4)-fid +
Carex acrolepis +  and Carex laticuspis +
Carex gmelinii +
Carex sect. Racemosae +
species +
pistillate +  and staminate +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
2mm +  and 3mm +
stoloniferous +, rhizomatous +  and long +
plant +  and cespitose +