Carex inops subsp. heliophila

(Mackenzie) Crins

Canad. J. Bot. 61: 1709. 1983.

IllustratedEndemic
Basionym: Carex heliophila Mackenzie Torreya 13: 15. 1913
Synonyms: Carex pensylvanica var. digyna Boeckeler Carex pensylvanica subsp. heliophila (Mackenzie) W. A. Weber
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 544. Mentioned on page 541, 543.

Staminate spike peduncles 1.2–4.5 mm. Proximal cauline pistillate spikes sessile, globose to ovoid. 2n = 36, 40.


Phenology: Fruiting mid Apr–early Jul.
Habitat: Open, well-drained sandy, loamy, and loess soils in prairies (grazed and ungrazed) and ponderosa pine woodlands
Elevation: 100–1500 m

Distribution

V23 1028-distribution-map.jpg

Alta., B.C., Man., Ont., Sask., Colo., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.Mex., N.Dak., S.Dak., Wis., Wyo.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

No values specified.

0.14 cm1.4 mm <br />0.0014 m <br /> (0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br />) +
0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
trigonous;obovoid;globose +
1.5mm;2.2mm +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.38 cm3.8 mm <br />0.0038 m <br />) +
beaked +, awned +  and cuspidate +
glabrous +  and pubescent +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br />) +
William J. Crins +  and Jeff H. Rettig +
(Mackenzie) Crins +
shortened +
rounded +  and tapering +
Carex heliophila +
straight +
bidentate +  and bent +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.23 cm2.3 mm <br />0.0023 m <br />) +
v--shaped +
2mm;4.5mm +
glumaceous +  and foliaceous +
2-ranked +  and arranged +
ascending +  and appressed +
scale-like +  and leaflike +
parallel +  and divergent +
terete +, rolled +  and plicate +
separated +  and overlapping +
brown +  and red +
round +  and trigonous +
13 cm130 mm <br />0.13 m <br /> (50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br />) +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, Ont. +, Sask. +, Colo. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, N.Mex. +, N.Dak. +, S.Dak. +, Wis. +  and Wyo. +
100–1500 m +
open +, pistillate +  and staminate +
hypogynous +  and subtending +
biconvex +  and trigonous +
Open, well-drained sandy, loamy, and loess soils in prairies (grazed and ungrazed) and ponderosa pine woodlands +
prophyllate +, pedunculate +, staminate +, , +  and pistillate +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
multi-ranked +, 2-ranked +, 3-ranked +  and alternate +
basal +  and cauline +
2.6mm;5.4mm +
elliptic;ovate +
0.4mm +  and 0.8mm +
with (1-)3-6(-30) bristles and/or scales +
yellowish green +  and pale-brown or olive +
0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br /> (0.46 cm4.6 mm <br />0.0046 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Fruiting mid Apr–early Jul. +
2-3(-4)-carpellate +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
reddish-brown +  and green +
sessile +  and pistillate +
scale-like +  and filiform +
Canad. J. Bot. +
brown +  and reddish-brown +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
adventitious +
staminate +  and pistillate +
pale-brown +  and dark reddish-brown or purplish brown +
0.36 cm3.6 mm <br />0.0036 m <br /> (0.67 cm6.7 mm <br />0.0067 m <br />) +
basal +  and proximal +
lanceolate;obovate +
1.2mm;1.7mm +
cylindric +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
staminate +  and pistillate +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
0.13 cm1.3 mm <br />0.0013 m <br /> (0.41 cm4.1 mm <br />0.0041 m <br />) +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
septate +, hollow +  and solid +
compressed +, terete +  and trigonous +
papillate +
deciduous +
2-3(-4)-fid +
Carex pensylvanica var. digyna +  and Carex pensylvanica subsp. heliophila +
Carex inops subsp. heliophila +
Carex inops +
subspecies +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br />) +
stoloniferous +  and rhizomatous +
plant +  and cespitose +