Carex lupuliformis

Sartwell ex Dewey

Amer. J. Sci. Arts, ser. 2, 9: 29. 1850.

Common names: Carex faux-lupulina
IllustratedEndemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 513. Mentioned on page 508, 511, 514.

Plants loosely cespitose or not, long-rhizomatous. Culms solitary or not, erect, 50–130 cm. Leaves 4–7; basal sheaths brownish; sheath of distal leaf 3–21 cm; ligules rounded to triangular, 6–28 mm; blades 30–80 cm × 6–13 mm. Inflorescences 6–40 cm; peduncles of proximal spikes 1–13 cm, basal 2 peduncles 2–17 cm apart; of terminal spikes 1–12 cm, shorter than to somewhat exceeding the distal pistillate spike; bracts leafy, sheath 1–9 cm; blades 20–70 cm × 4–11 mm. Spikes: proximal pistillate spikes 2–6, the distal usually ± crowded, ascending, densely 8–90-flowered, usually cylindric, 2–8 × 1.5–3 cm; terminal staminate spikes 1–2, 2–10 cm × 2–5 mm. Pistillate scales 3–9 veined, lanceolate, 6–13 × 1.8–3.2 mm, apex acute to awned, awn rough, to 5.5 mm. Anthers 3, 3.5–7 mm. Perigynia ascending to spreading, strongly 17–25-veined, sessile, lanceovoid, 12–18.5 × 3.8–6 mm, shiny, glabrous; beak conic, 6–9 mm. Achenes stipitate, rhombic, concave faces, angles thickened, prominently knobbed with hard, nipplelike points, 3–4.5 × (2.2–) 2.4–3.4 mm; style same texture as achene.


Phenology: Fruiting late spring–summer.
Habitat: Wet forests, especially in openings around forest ponds, riverine wetlands, marshes, wet thickets
Elevation: 0–500 m

Distribution

V23 958-distribution-map.jpg

Ont., Que., Ark., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, La., Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Carex lupuliformis is rare and local throughout much of its range, especially northward.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Carex lupuliformis"
smaller +
0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br /> (0.24 cm2.4 mm <br />0.0024 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
2.4mm;3.4mm +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
hairy +  and glabrous +
A. A. Reznicek +
Sartwell ex Dewey +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.55 cm5.5 mm <br />0.0055 m <br />) +
shortened +
cuneate +  and rounded +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (70 cm700 mm <br />0.7 m <br />) +
v--shaped +
4mm;11mm +
2-ranked +  and arranged +
ascending +  and appressed +
scale-like +  and leaflike +
parallel +  and divergent +
terete +, rolled +  and plicate +
Carex faux-lupulina +
brown +, reddish +  and purplish +
round +  and trigonous +
50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br /> (130 cm1,300 mm <br />1.3 m <br />) +
prophyllate +, pedunculate +  and staminate +
8-90-flowered +  and pistillate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
Ont. +, Que. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, La. +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
0–500 m +
concave +
open +, pistillate +  and staminate +
hypogynous +  and subtending +
biconvex +  and trigonous +
Wet forests, especially in openings around forest ponds, riverine wetlands, marshes, wet thickets +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
septate-nodulose +
multi-ranked +, 2-ranked +, 3-ranked +  and alternate +
basal +  and cauline +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (21 cm210 mm <br />0.21 m <br />) +
rounded +  and triangular +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (2.8 cm28 mm <br />0.028 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
with (1-)3-6(-30) bristles and/or scales +
sessile +  and 17-25-veined +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (1.85 cm18.5 mm <br />0.0185 m <br />) +
ascending +  and spreading +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
0.38 cm3.8 mm <br />0.0038 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
Fruiting late spring–summer. +
2-3(-4)-carpellate +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
Amer. J. Sci. Arts, ser. +
adventitious +
veined +  and pistillate +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
basal +  and proximal +
lanceolate +
1.8mm;3.2mm +
shorter or longer +
septate-nodulose +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (13 cm130 mm <br />0.13 m <br />) +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
septate +, hollow +  and solid +
compressed +, terete +  and trigonous +
papillate +
persistent +
2-3(-4)-fid +
Carex lupuliformis +
Carex sect. Lupulinae +
species +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
plant +, not +  and cespitose +