Carex muricata subsp. lamprocarpa

Celakovský

Anal. Kvét. Ceská, 88. 1879.

IntroducedIllustrated
Synonyms: Carex pairaei F. W. Schultz
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23.

Plants without conspicuous rhizomes. Culms 10–85 cm, 1.5–2.5 mm wide basally, 0.6–0.8 mm wide distally. Leaves: sheaths tight, green, fronts hyaline, with some cross-veins; ligules to 3.5 mm, usually wider than long; widest leaf-blades 2–4mm wide. Inflorescences with 4–7 spikes, 1–2.5 (–3) cm × 7–10 mm; proximal internodes 5–10 mm, as long as proximal spikes; proximal bracts to 2.5 cm; spikes with 5–10 spreading or ascending perigynia. Pistillate scales brown with green, 3-veined center, ovate, 2.1–4.5 × 1.5–2.2 mm, body as long as perigynium, apex acute or short-awned. Anthers 1–3 mm. Perigynia pale green becoming dark-brown and glossy, veinless or to 7-veined abaxially, 3–4 (–4.5) × 1.8–2.5 mm, margins serrulate distally; beak 0.5–1.5 mm, apical teeth 0.2–0.5 mm. Achenes circular to elliptic-circular, 1.9–2.4 × 1.5–2 mm.


Phenology: Fruiting late spring–early summer.
Habitat: Fields, pastures, lawns, scrub
Elevation: 10–200 m

Distribution

V23 502-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; N.B., Ont., Mich., Pa., Europe, w Asia

Discussion

See comments under 33. Carex divulsa.

The name Carex muricata has sometimes been misapplied to C. echinata (sect. Stellulatae).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
circular +  and elliptic-circular +
0.19 cm1.9 mm <br />0.0019 m <br /> (0.24 cm2.4 mm <br />0.0024 m <br />) +
biconvex +
smaller +
1.5mm;2mm +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br />) +
Peter W. Ball +
Celakovský +
shortened +
white-hyaline +, hyaline +  and narrow +
red tinged +  and brown +
rounded +
bidentate +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
v--shaped +
0mm;20mm +
glumaceous +  and foliaceous +
2-ranked +  and arranged +
ascending +  and appressed +
scale-like +  and leaflike +
parallel +  and divergent +
terete +, rolled +  and plicate +
0.21 cm2.1 mm <br />0.0021 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br />) +
round +  and trigonous +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (85 cm850 mm <br />0.85 m <br />) +
0.6mm;0.8mm +
N.B. +, Ont. +, Mich. +, Pa. +, Europe +  and w Asia +
10–200 m +
open +, pistillate +  and staminate +
hypogynous +  and subtending +
biconvex +  and trigonous +
Fields, pastures, lawns, scrub +
, +  and racemose +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
sessile +  and pistillate +
multi-ranked +, 2-ranked +, 3-ranked +  and alternate +
basal +  and cauline +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
usually wider than long +
with (1-)3-6(-30) bristles and/or scales +
veinless or +  and 7-veined +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
pale green becoming dark-brown +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
ascending +  and spreading +
0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
Fruiting late spring–early summer. +
2-3(-4)-carpellate +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Anal. Kvét. Ceská, +
adventitious +
brown with green +
basal +  and proximal +
2-keeled +
cylindric +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
septate +, hollow +  and solid +
compressed +, terete +  and trigonous +
papillate +
deciduous +
2-3(-4)-fid +
Carex pairaei +
Carex muricata subsp. lamprocarpa +
Carex muricata +
subspecies +
rhizomatous +  and short-rhizomatous +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +