Carex pellita

Muhlenberg ex Willdenow

Sp. Pl. 4(1): 302. 1805.

Common names: Carex laineux
Illustrated
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 497. Mentioned on page 491, 492, 493, 494, 496, 499, 507.

Plants colonial; rhizomes long-creeping. Culms lateral, trigonous, 15–100 cm, smooth or slightly scabrous-angled. Leaves: basal sheaths reddish purple, usually fibrillose, bladeless, apex of inner band glabrous; ligules (1.2–) 2–12 mm; blades green, flat or M-shaped except at base and tip, midvein of blades and proximal bracts forming sharply pointed keel, (2–) 2.2–4.5 (–6) mm wide, tip not prolonged, glabrous. Inflorescences 5–30 cm; peduncles of terminal spikes (0.8–) 2–9 cm; proximal 1–3 (–4) spikes pistillate, ascending; distal spikes erect; terminal 1–3 spikes staminate. Pistillate scales lanceolate to ovate, apex acute to acuminate-awned, glabrous or scabrous-margined apically. Perigynia ascending, broadly ovoid, 2.4–5.2 × 1.7–2.8 mm, densely pubescent, obscuring cellular details and veination; beak (0.6–) 0.8–1.6 mm, firm, bidentulate, teeth straight, 0.4–0.8 mm. 2n = 78.


Phenology: Fruiting May–Aug.
Habitat: Wet to dry meadows, marshes, stream banks, lakeshores, open carrs and woodlands, low dunes, ditches, and other usually moist, successional habitats, especially in regions of calcareous soils
Elevation: 0–2900 m

Distribution

V23 924-distribution-map.jpg

Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), Ont., Que., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.Dak., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo., Mexico

Discussion

Carex pellita is abundant and variable in much of its range and a common plant of roadside ditches and other early successional or disturbed habitats. It is sometimes subsumed under C. lasiocarpa, as var. latifolia (Boeckeler) Gilly, but it is distinct in the field and has a quite different biology and distribution. However, slender and depauperate individuals can be difficult to distinguish in the herbarium.

The name Carex lanuginosa has been used for this species in many floras, but the type of this name is C. lasiocarpa.

Carex pellita hybridizes occasionally with C. hyalinolepis (= C. ×subimpressa) and rarely with C. lacustris, C. trichocarpa (= C. ×caesariensis, A. A. Reznicek and P. M. Catling 1985), and C. utriculata.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"lengthofbody" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Carex pellita"
trigonous +
smaller +
scabrous-margined +
A. A. Reznicek +  and Paul M. Catling +
Muhlenberg ex Willdenow +
shortened +
rounded +
bidentulate +
0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
straight +
emarginate +  and bidentate +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br />) +
m--shaped +  and flat +
0mm;20mm +
glumaceous +  and foliaceous +
2-ranked +  and arranged +
ascending +  and appressed +
scale-like +  and leaflike +
parallel +  and divergent +
terete +, rolled +  and plicate +
Carex laineux +
involute +  and channeled +
red tinged +
scabrous-angled +  and trigonous +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +
with awn +  and acuminate +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, Ont. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, Nev. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.Dak. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +  and Mexico +
0–2900 m +
open +, pistillate +  and staminate +
hypogynous +  and subtending +
biconvex +  and trigonous +
Wet to dry meadows, marshes, stream banks, lakeshores, open carrs and woodlands, low dunes, ditches, and other usually moist, successional habitats, especially in regions of calcareous soils +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
staminate +, prophyllate +, pedunculate +  and pistillate +
multi-ranked +, 2-ranked +, 3-ranked +  and alternate +
basal +  and cauline +
pubescent;,;glabrous +
septate-nodulose +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (2.1 cm21 mm <br />0.021 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
2.2mm;4.5mm +
with (1-)3-6(-30) bristles and/or scales +
thick-walled +, stipitate +, veinless or +  and 28-veined +
0.24 cm2.4 mm <br />0.0024 m <br /> (0.52 cm5.2 mm <br />0.0052 m <br />) +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br />) +
Fruiting May–Aug. +
2-3(-4)-carpellate +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
adventitious +
basal +  and proximal +
lanceolate;ovate +
ladder-fibrillose +
shorter or longer +
septate-nodulose +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
Illustrated +
staminate +  and pistillate +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
septate +, hollow +  and solid +
compressed +, terete +  and trigonous +
papillate +
deciduous +  and persistent +
2-3(-4)-fid +
Carex pellita +
Carex sect. Paludosae +
species +
not prolonged +
straight +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
plant +  and colonial +