Carex serratodens

W. Boott in S. Watson

in S. Watson, Bot. California 2: 245. 1880.

IllustratedEndemic
Basionym: Carex bifida W. Boott 1868
Synonyms: Carex aequa C. B. Clarke
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 413. Mentioned on page 402, 403, 414.

Plants cespitose. Culms 30–75 cm, distally scabrous. Leaves 2–4 mm wide. Inflorescences: proximal bracts shorter than or exceeding inflorescences; spikes erect, separate, short-pendunculate, short-oblong or elongate, 8–30 × 6–8 mm; lateral 2–4 spikes pistillate, of varying lengths, often much shorter than terminal spike; terminal spike gynecandrous (to as much as 2/3 staminate) or wholly staminate, staminate spikes sessile or on peduncules 5–10 mm. Pistillate scales light-brown, margins hyaline, lanceolate, shorter or longer than and narrower or as broad as perigynia, midvein lighter colored than body, conspicuous, sometimes raised, prominent, sparsely spinulose, apex acute to mucronate, smooth or spinulose. Perigynia ascending, light-brown, veined, broadly ovate, (2–) 3–5 × 1.2–2 mm, apex gradually beaked, smooth or distal margins finely papillose; beak 0.5–1 mm, bidentate, smooth or serrulate, teeth spreading. Achenes nearly filling body of perigynia.


Phenology: Fruiting May–Jul.
Habitat: Moist places on open hillsides, adjacent to springs, seeps, or streams
Elevation: 100–1400 m

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Carex serratodens"
trigonous +
smaller +
spinulose +  and smooth +
papillose +  and smooth +
David F. Murray +
W. Boott in S. Watson +
shortened +
cuneate +  and more or less rounded +
Carex bifida +
serrulate +  and smooth +
bidentate +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
v--shaped +
0mm;20mm +
glumaceous +  and foliaceous +
2-ranked +  and arranged +
ascending +  and appressed +
scale-like +  and leaflike +
parallel +  and divergent +
terete +, rolled +  and plicate +
papillose +  and smooth +
red +  and purple +
round +  and trigonous +
30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br /> (75 cm750 mm <br />0.75 m <br />) +
Ariz. +, Calif. +  and Oreg. +
100–1400 m +
hypogynous +  and subtending +
biconvex +  and trigonous +
Moist places on open hillsides, adjacent to springs, seeps, or streams +
prophyllate +, pedunculate +  and pistillate +
multi-ranked +, 2-ranked +, 3-ranked +  and alternate +
basal +  and cauline +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
lanceolate +
as-broad-as perigynia +  and narrower +
lighter colored +
prominent +, raised +  and conspicuous +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
with (1-)3-6(-30) bristles and/or scales +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
Fruiting May–Jul. +
2-3(-4)-carpellate +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
scale-like;,;thread-like +
ladder-fibrillose +  and veined +
purple +, tinged red +  and dotted +
in S. Watson, Bot. California +
black without yellowbrown +  and brown +
adventitious +
light-brown +
basal +  and proximal +
2-keeled +
cylindric +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
on peduncules +, sessile +, staminate +, pistillate +  and short-pendunculate +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
elongate;short-oblong +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
septate +, hollow +  and solid +
compressed +, terete +  and trigonous +
2 +  and 3 +
papillate +
deciduous +
2-3(-4)-fid +
Carex aequa +
Carex serratodens +
Carex sect. Racemosae +
species +
stoloniferous +, rhizomatous +  and long +
plant +  and cespitose +