Carex simulata

Mackenzie

Bull. Torrey. Bot. Club 34: 604. 1908.

IllustratedEndemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 305. Mentioned on page 303, 304.

Rhizomes coarse, 1.5–2.8 mm thick, typically with long, unbranched segments from which shoots arise singly every few nodes. Culms sharply trigonous, (10–) 20–80 cm, scabrous-angled distally. Leaves: basal sheaths dark-brown; sheaths with hyaline inner band, apex prolonged 0.3–1.6 mm beyond base of blade, glabrous; ligules 0.6–2.7 mm; blades 1–3.7 mm wide. Inflorescences dense to elongate, 1–3 cm; spikes 4–12 (–18), usually unisexual; staminate spikes lanceoloid; pistillate spikes ovoid. Pistillate scales reddish-brown to dark-brown, with narrow hyaline margins, ovate, apex acute to acuminate-awned, shiny. Anthers 1.8–3.1 mm, apiculus smooth to warty (30X). Perigynia dark reddish-brown, essentially veinless, stipitate, broadly ovate to rhombic-orbicular, thickly planoconvex, 1.8–2.8 × 1.1–1.7 mm, shiny; beak 0.25–0.5 mm, hyaline, oblique or obscurely bidentulate.


Phenology: Fruiting Jun–Aug.
Habitat: Wet meadows, marshes, seeps, fens, bogs, stream banks, lakeshores, ditches, tolerant of alkaline soils
Elevation: 600–3100 m

Distribution

V23 530-distribution-map.jpg

Alta., Sask., Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mont., N.Mex., Oreg., Utah, Wash., Wyo.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"prolonged" is not a number.

... more about "Carex simulata"
biconvex +
smaller +
0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br /> (0.31 cm3.1 mm <br />0.0031 m <br />) +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br />) +
A. A. Reznicek +  and Paul M. Catling +
Mackenzie +
shortened +
not +  and fibrous +
rounded +
bidentulate +
1/4 length of body +
0.025 cm0.25 mm <br />2.5e-4 m <br /> (0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br />) +
v--shaped +
1mm;3.7mm +
glumaceous +  and foliaceous +
2-ranked +  and arranged +
ascending +  and appressed +
scale-like +  and leaflike +
parallel +  and divergent +
terete +, rolled +  and plicate +
not wide +
scabrous-angled +  and trigonous +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (80 cm800 mm <br />0.8 m <br />) +
Alta. +, Sask. +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, N.Mex. +, Oreg. +, Utah +, Wash. +  and Wyo. +
600–3100 m +
stipitate +, veinless +  and veined +
ovate;narrowly ovate planoconvex or biconvex +
open +, pistillate +  and staminate +
hypogynous +  and subtending +
biconvex +  and trigonous +
Wet meadows, marshes, seeps, fens, bogs, stream banks, lakeshores, ditches, tolerant of alkaline soils +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
multi-ranked +, 2-ranked +, 3-ranked +  and alternate +
basal +  and cauline +
0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br /> (0.27 cm2.7 mm <br />0.0027 m <br />) +
with (1-)3-6(-30) bristles and/or scales +
stipitate +  and veinless +
dark reddish-brown +
0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br /> (0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br />) +
ascending +  and erect +
0.11 cm1.1 mm <br />0.0011 m <br /> (0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br />) +
Fruiting Jun–Aug. +
2-3(-4)-carpellate +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
cuspidate;scale-like +
short-awned +  and cuspidate +
Bull. Torrey. Bot. Club +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br />) +
adventitious +
reddish-brown +  and dark-brown +
basal +  and proximal +
cylindric +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
pistillate +  and staminate +
ovoid;lanceoloid +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
septate +, hollow +  and solid +
compressed +, terete +  and trigonous +
papillate +
deciduous +
2-3(-4)-fid +
Carex simulata +
Carex sect. Divisae +
species +
plant +, colonial +  and not cespitose +