Carex stipata

Muhlenberg ex Willdenow

Sp. Pl. 4(1): 233. 1805.

Illustrated
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 276. Mentioned on page 277.

Plants with basal sheaths of previous year not persistent. Culms easily compressed, to 120 cm × 7 mm, scabrous. Leaves: sheaths usually all with blades, green; fronts rugose, indistinctly linearly veined, apex colorless, fragile, convex, not forming extension, erose; ligules acute, 10 mm, free limb to 0.8 mm; blades not epistomic, to 100 cm × 15 mm. Inflorescences densely spicate, elongate, cylindric, with 15–25 distinguishable branches, 5–15 × 4 cm; proximal internode to 10 mm. Scales hyaline. Perigynia pale-brown with redbrown veins, 15-veined abaxially, 7-veined adaxially, to 6 × 2 mm, base distended proximally, cordate; stipe to 0.4 mm; beak to 3.5 mm, serrulate. Achenes ovate, to 2 × 1.5 mm; stalk to 0.3 mm; persistent style base cylindric.

Distribution

V23 465-distribution-map.jpg

Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Ala., Alaska, Ariz., Calif., Colo., Conn., D.C., Del., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Maine, Mass., Md., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., N.C., N.Dak., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., Nebr., Nev., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Va., Vt., W.Va., Wash., Wis., Wyo., e Asia

Discussion

Varieties 2 (2 in the flora).

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Leaves not more 10 mm wide; inflorescences to 10 cm; perigynia 4–5 mm; beak to 2.5 mm. Carex stipata var. stipata
1 Leaves 8–15 mm wide; inflorescences 10+ cm; larger perigynia 5–6 mm; beak at least 3 mm. Carex stipata var. maxima
... more about "Carex stipata"
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
smaller +
0mm;1.5mm +
Lisa A. Standley +
Muhlenberg ex Willdenow +
shortened +
smooth +  and rugose +
membranous +
not persistent +
not +  and fibrous +
cordate +  and distended +
Vulpinae +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
not epistomic +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +
v--shaped +
glumaceous +  and foliaceous +
2-ranked +  and arranged +
ascending +  and appressed +
scale-like +  and leaflike +
distinguishable +
parallel +  and divergent +
terete +, rolled +  and plicate +
dark-brown +  and black +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (120 cm1,200 mm <br />1.2 m <br />) +
compressed +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ala. +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, D.C. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, Maine +, Mass. +, Md. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, Nebr. +, Nev. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Va. +, Vt. +, W.Va. +, Wash. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +  and e Asia +
open +, pistillate +  and staminate +
hypogynous +  and subtending +
biconvex +  and trigonous +
paniculate +  and racemose +
cylindric +  and elongate +
prophyllate +, sessile +  and pistillate +
multi-ranked +, 2-ranked +, 3-ranked +  and alternate +
basal +  and cauline +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (?) +
with (1-)3-6(-30) bristles and/or scales +
7-veined +  and 15-veined +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
ascending +  and spreading +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
2-3(-4)-carpellate +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
scale-like;filiform +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
adventitious +
basal +  and proximal +
2-keeled +
cylindric +
Illustrated +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
septate +, hollow +  and solid +
compressed +, terete +  and trigonous +
papillate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (?) +
deciduous +
2-3(-4)-fid +
Carex stipata +
Carex sect. Vulpinae +
species +