Carex superata

Naczi

Amer. J. Bot. 85: 443, figs. 1, 2, 4, 5, 6(left). 1998.

IllustratedEndemic
Synonyms: Carex willdenowii var. megarrhyncha F. J. Hermann
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 560. Mentioned on page 456, 559.

Culms erect, (4.7–) 7.1–14.4 cm, 1/5–2/5 of total plant height. Leaves: basal sheaths pale-brown to dark-brown; blades green, much exceeding culms, 1.2–4.6 mm wide, herbaceous, margins green, smooth or scabrous. Lateral spikes 0–2 (–3), basal, on erect or spreading (rarely drooping) peduncles. Terminal spikes with staminate portion 7–56-flowered, (5.4–) 9.6–20.1 × 0.7–1.6 mm; pistillate portion spike 2–4 (–6) -flowered. Pistillate scales green, margins hyaline, white, tinged reddish-brown, (0.9–) 1.2–2.4 mm wide, not more than 1.5 times as wide and not concealing perigynia, apex attenuate into green awns; distal scales with hyaline margins 0.3–0.8 mm wide, apex acuminate, awnless, or scabrous-awned to 5.7 mm. Staminate scales green or tinged with pale-brown, ovate, 2.5–4.1 × 1.6–2 mm, margins free but enfolding scales above, hyaline, white, apex obtuse, erose. Anthers 1.1–1.4 mm. Perigynia (3–) 4–9 per spike, pale green to pale-brown, often speckled reddish-brown, narrowly ovoid or lanceovoid, (7–) 7.5–8.9 (–10.8) × 1.5–2.3 mm, tightly enveloping achenes, apex gradually tapering; beak (3.6–) 4.1–5 (–6.4) mm, scabrous. Stigmas filiform, flexuous, long, thin, strongly papillose. Achenes brown, oblong, (2.1–) 2.5–3.1 (–3.3) × (1.4–) 1.5–1.9 (–2.1) mm.


Phenology: Fruiting spring–summer (late Mar–mid Jul).
Habitat: Acidic to neutral clays, often high in potassium and magnesium, in moist to dry mesic, open, deciduous forests, ravines
Elevation: 50–500 m

Distribution

V23 1066-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Fla., Ga., Ky., Miss., S.C., Tenn., Va.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Carex superata"
0.31 cm3.1 mm <br />0.0031 m <br /> (0.33 cm3.3 mm <br />0.0033 m <br />) +
0.19 cm1.9 mm <br />0.0019 m <br /> (0.21 cm2.1 mm <br />0.0021 m <br />) +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.31 cm3.1 mm <br />0.0031 m <br />) +
1.5mm;1.9mm +
0.11 cm1.1 mm <br />0.0011 m <br /> (0.14 cm1.4 mm <br />0.0014 m <br />) +
scabrous-awned +  and awnless +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.57 cm5.7 mm <br />0.0057 m <br />) +
William J. Crins +, Robert F. C. Naczi +, A. A. Reznicek +  and Bruce A. Ford +
shortened +
pale-brown;dark-brown +
tapering +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.64 cm6.4 mm <br />0.0064 m <br />) +
flattened-triangular +
0.41 cm4.1 mm <br />0.0041 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
v--shaped +
1.2mm;4.6mm +
smaller +
glumaceous +  and foliaceous +
2-ranked +  and arranged +
ascending +  and appressed +
scale-like +  and leaflike +
parallel +  and divergent +
terete +, rolled +  and plicate +
2 +  and widest +
round +  and trigonous +
7.1 cm71 mm <br />0.071 m <br /> (14.4 cm144 mm <br />0.144 m <br />) +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ky. +, Miss. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +  and Va. +
50–500 m +
white +  and hyaline +
open +, pistillate +  and staminate +
hypogynous +  and subtending +
biconvex +  and trigonous +
Acidic to neutral clays, often high in potassium and magnesium, in moist to dry mesic, open, deciduous forests, ravines +
septate-nodulose +
multi-ranked +, 2-ranked +, 3-ranked +  and alternate +
basal +  and cauline +
stipitate +  and 2-veined +
hyaline +, tinged reddish-brown +, white +  and green +
lanceolate;oblong-lanceolate rounded-trigonous +
0.3mm +  and 0.8mm +
with (1-)3-6(-30) bristles and/or scales +
veined +  and veinless +
0.89 cm8.9 mm <br />0.0089 m <br /> (1.08 cm10.8 mm <br />0.0108 m <br />) +
speckled reddish-brown +, pale green +  and pale-brown +
0.75 cm7.5 mm <br />0.0075 m <br /> (0.89 cm8.9 mm <br />0.0089 m <br />) +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.23 cm2.3 mm <br />0.0023 m <br />) +
Fruiting spring–summer (late Mar–mid Jul). +
2-3(-4)-carpellate +
7-56-flowered +  and staminate +
2-4(-6)-flowered +  and pistillate +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
Amer. J. Bot. +
adventitious +
staminate +  and pistillate +
tinged with pale-brown +  and green +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.41 cm4.1 mm <br />0.0041 m <br />) +
basal +  and proximal +
1.6mm;2mm +
septate-nodulose +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
septate +, hollow +  and solid +
compressed +, terete +  and trigonous +
papillose +
filiform +
deciduous +
dilated +
Carex willdenowii var. megarrhyncha +
Carex superata +
Carex sect. Phyllostachyae +
species +
0.54 cm5.4 mm <br />0.0054 m <br /> (0.96 cm9.6 mm <br />0.0096 m <br />) +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br />) +
plant +  and cespitose +