Carex vernacula

L. H. Bailey

Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 20: 417. 1893.

IllustratedEndemic
Synonyms: Carex foetida var. vernacula (L. H. Bailey) Kükenthal
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 311. Mentioned on page 308, 309.

Plants loosely cespitose or colonial. Culms erect, straight, bluntly trigonous, 8–40 cm, smooth to slightly scabrous-angled distally. Leaves: basal sheaths dark-brown; ligules 0.4–1.7 mm; blades flat, shorter than culms, (1.5–) 2–3.5 (–4) mm wide. Inflorescences 0.8–1.6 cm; spikes ca. 5–15, indistinguishable in dense, globose to ovoid head. Pistillate scales reddish-brown to blackish, ± translucent, lacking whitish hyaline margins, ovate, ± equaling perigynia, apex acute to acuminate, body shiny. Anthers 1.5–2.8 mm. Perigynia pale yellowish-brown proximally, reddish-brown to blackish distally and on beak, finely 5–9-veined abaxially, faintly veined or essentially veinless adaxially, flattened, not inflated, narrowly to broadly elliptic, 3.3–4.6 × 1.1–1.9 mm, membranous, shiny; stipe 0.2–0.6 mm; beak well defined, 0.9–1.5 mm, smooth-margined.


Phenology: Fruiting Jul–Sep.
Habitat: Moist alpine tundra, moist forest openings just below treeline
Elevation: 2000–3800 m

Distribution

V23 544-distribution-map.jpg

Calif., Colo., Idaho, Oreg., Wash., Wyo.

Discussion

Carex vernacula is very similar to and often united with the European C. foetida Allioni, which has serrulate-margined perigynium beak and proportionately longer leaves. The numerous distinctions drawn between these two by K. K. Mackenzie (1931–1935, parts 2–3, pp. 29–30) have not proved consistent with examination of more material.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Carex vernacula"
biconvex +
smaller +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br />) +
A. A. Reznicek +
L. H. Bailey +
shortened +
white-hyaline +, hyaline +  and narrow +
rounded +
Foetidae +
smooth-margined +
0.09 cm0.9 mm <br />9.0e-4 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
v--shaped +
2mm;3.5mm +
2-ranked +  and arranged +
ascending +  and appressed +
scale-like +
parallel +  and divergent +
terete +, rolled +  and plicate +
straight +
scabrous-angled +  and trigonous +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
Calif. +, Colo. +, Idaho +, Oreg. +, Wash. +  and Wyo. +
2000–3800 m +
veinless sessile +  and stipitate +
planoconvex;ovate;narrowly ovate +
open +, pistillate +  and staminate +
hypogynous +  and subtending +
biconvex +  and trigonous +
Moist alpine tundra, moist forest openings just below treeline +
globose +  and ovoid +
globose +  and ovoid-globose +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
sessile +  and condensed +
multi-ranked +, 2-ranked +, 3-ranked +  and alternate +
basal +  and cauline +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br />) +
whitish hyaline +
with (1-)3-6(-30) bristles and/or scales +
veinless +, veined +  and 5-9-veined +
reddish-brown +  and blackish +
0.33 cm3.3 mm <br />0.0033 m <br /> (0.46 cm4.6 mm <br />0.0046 m <br />) +
erect +  and spreading +
0.11 cm1.1 mm <br />0.0011 m <br /> (0.19 cm1.9 mm <br />0.0019 m <br />) +
Fruiting Jul–Sep. +
2-3(-4)-carpellate +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
awned +  and acute +
Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. +
adventitious +
reddish-brown +  and blackish +
basal +  and proximal +
2-keeled +
cylindric +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
indistinguishable +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
septate +, hollow +  and solid +
compressed +, terete +  and trigonous +
papillate +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br /> (?) +
deciduous +
2-3(-4)-fid +
Carex foetida var. vernacula +
Carex vernacula +
Carex sect. Foetidae +
species +
plant +, colonial +  and cespitose +