Chorizanthe breweri

S. Watson

Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 12: 270. 1877.

Common names: Brewer’s spineflower
EndemicConservation concern
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 464. Mentioned on page 449.

Plants ascending to decumbent, (0.3–) 0.5–1.5 (–2) × 1–5 (–7) dm, thinly pubescent. Leaves basal; petiole 1–3 cm; blade spatulate to ovate, 0.5–2 × 0.3–1.2 (–1.5) cm, thinly pubescent to densely tomentose at least abaxially. Inflorescences mostly flat-topped, open to rather densely branched, greenish to reddish; bracts persistent, 2, usually leaflike at proximal nodes and similar to leaf-blades, short-petiolate, oblong to ovate, 0.3–0.8 cm × 2–6 mm, becoming sessile, reduced and scalelike at distal nodes, linear, acicular, often acerose, 0.1–0.5 cm × 0.5–1 mm, awns straight, 0.5–1 mm. Involucres in open clusters with 1 at node of dichotomies, reddish, cylindric, not ventricose, 2.5–3 mm, corrugate, without scarious or membranous margins, thinly pubescent with slender curly hairs; teeth spreading, unequal, 0.4–1.2 mm with 3 longer ones more erect than 3 shorter and less-prominent ones; awns uncinate, 0.3–0.6 mm. Flowers exserted; perianth white to rose or red, usually with white lobes, cylindric, 3–3.5 mm, pubescent; tepals connate ca. 1/2 their length, monomorphic to slightly dimorphic, narrowly oblong to obovate, rounded apically, those of outer whorl usually slightly broader and longer than those of inner whorl; stamens 9, mostly included; filaments distinct, 2.5–3 mm, glabrous; anthers pink to red, oblong, 0.4–0.5 mm. Achenes brown, lenticular, 2.5–3 mm. 2n = 38.


Phenology: Flowering Mar–Jul.
Habitat: Gravelly or rocky places, serpentine outcrops, mixed grassland and chaparral communities, pine-oak woodlands
Elevation: 60-800 m

Discussion

Of conservation concern.

Chorizanthe breweri is found infrequently in the Coast Ranges of southwestern California.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"/2" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property."dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property."dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property."/2" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Chorizanthe breweri"
lenticular +
pink +  and red +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br />) +
James L. Reveal +
S. Watson +
alternating +
straight +
uncinate +
unequal +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
alternate +  and rosulate +
stipelike +
awn-tipped +  and simple +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
thinly pubescent +  and densely tomentose +
spatulate;ovate +
0.3cm;1.2cm +
sessile +  and short-petiolate +
persistent +
distinct +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
glandular +, woolly-floccose +, tomentose +, strigose +, villous +, hirsute +  and pubescent +
acerose +, acicular +, scale-like +, oblong +  and ovate +
reduced +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
disarticulating +, dichotomous +, branched +  and open +
erect +  and spreading +
just below the soil surface or and above the soil surface +  and spreading +
Brewer’s spineflower +
60-800 m +
curved +  and straight +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
white +  and pink or rose maroon or purple or yellow +
decumbent to erect +  and prostrate +
unwinged +  and winged +
black +, red +, brown +  and yellowish +
exserted +  and included +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
spheroidal +, 4-gonous +, lenticular +, biconvex +, discoid +, 3-gonous +  and 2-gonous +
Gravelly or rocky places, serpentine outcrops, mixed grassland and chaparral communities, pine-oak woodlands +
branched +  and open to rather +
greenish;reddish +
connate +  and free +
not ventricose +  and cylindric +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
nonmembranous +
in whorls +, opposite +, alternate +  and rosulate +
deciduous +  and persistent +
bractlike +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
lobed +, undulate +, crisped +, crenulate +  and entire +
not swollen +
orthotropous +
accrescent +
curved +  and straight +
erect to deflexed +
cylindric +
accrescent +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
fleshy +, indurate +  and membranous +
with extrafloral nectaries +  and not articulate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
Flowering Mar–Jul. +
homostylous +  and 3-carpellate +
Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts +
, +  and solid +
slender;stout +
Endemic +  and Conservation concern +
not disarticulating +
decumbent to erect +  and prostrate +
prostrate +  and erect +
penicillate +, fimbriate +  and capitate +
deciduous +  and persistent +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
coriaceous +  and membranous +
consisting of a series +  and tubular +
distinct +
erect;spreading +
Chorizanthe sect. Anisogonum +, Chorizanthe sect. Eriogonellopsis +  and Chorizanthe sect. Herbaceae +
chambered +, , +  and solid +
Slender (?) +  and Stout (?) +
Chorizanthe breweri +
Chorizanthe sect. Ptelosepala +
species +
lobed +  and laciniate +
coriaceous +
shallow +
less-prominent +
unequal +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br />) +
persistent +
membranous +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
ascending;decumbent +
3 +, 2 +  and 1 +