Cienfuegosia

Cavanilles

Diss. 2[app.]: [vi]. 1786.

Etymology: For Bernardo Cienfuegos, ca. 1580 – ca. 1640, Spanish botanist
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 245. Mentioned on page 218.

Herbs or subshrubs [shrubs], perennial. Stems decumbent or ascending to erect, glabrous or hairy, not viscid. Leaves: stipules persistent, subulate or lanceolate [foliaceous]; blade narrowly oblong-lanceolate or ovate to elliptic, unlobed [lobed], margins entire or serrate. or rotate, yellow, with or without dark center; staminal column included; ovary 3–5-carpellate; style usually connate to apex; stigmas connate, 3–5-lobed, clavate [capitate]. Fruits capsules, erect, not inflated, ovoid, papery, glabrous or hairy. Seeds 2–5 per locule, hairy. x = 10.

Distribution

sc, se United States, Mexico, Central America, West Indies, South America (to Argentina), sw Asia (Arabian Peninsula), Africa

Discussion

Species 26 (2 in the flora).

Key

1 Leaf blades ovate to elliptic, length ca. 1.5 times width, margins coarsely serrate; corolla 1.5–3.5 cm, campanulate, usually dark red proximally; involucellar bracts 6–14 mm, lanceolate to spatulate; stigmas 4 or 5, dark red; capsules 8–14 mm, 4 or 5-locular, glabrous on internal suture. Cienfuegosia drummondii
1 Leaf blades narrowly oblong-lanceolate, length 4–10 times width, margins entire; corolla 1–2 cm, rotate, not dark proximally; involucellar bracts 0.5–2 mm, subulate; stigmas 3, pallid; capsules 6–8 mm, 3-locular, copiously ciliate on internal suture. Cienfuegosia yucatanensis
... more about "Cienfuegosia"
Paul A. Fryxell† +  and Steven R. Hill +
Cavanilles +
unlobed +, ovate +  and elliptic +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
dark +  and yellow +
sc +, se United States +, Mexico +, Central America +, West Indies +, South America (to Argentina) +, sw Asia (Arabian Peninsula) +  and Africa +
sparse;copious +
For Bernardo Cienfuegos, ca. 1580 – ca. 1640, Spanish botanist +
pistillate +  and staminate +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
hairy +  and glabrous +
ovoid +  and not inflated +
axillary +  and terminal +
tough-fibrous +
connate +  and distinct +
simple +, stipulate +, sessile +, subsessile +  and petiolate +
distichous +  and alternate +
serrate +  and entire +
wedge--shaped +
3-5-carpellate +
(1-)2-many +
adnate +  and distinct +
fryxell1969a +  and karpovickas2003a +
reniform +
persistent +
sessile +  and subsessile +
not viscid +
ascending;erect +
clavate +  and 3-5-lobed +
1-2 times number of carpels +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
unbranched +  and branched +
Mallow +
Cienfuegosia +
Malvaceae subfam. Malvoideae +
subshrub +  and herb +
monoecious +, dioecious +  and hermaphroditic +