Cienfuegosia drummondii

(A. Gray) Lewton

Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 37: 475. 1910.

Common names: Yellow fugosia sulphur mallow
Basionym: Fugosia drummondii A. Gray Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 3(5): 23. 1852
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 246.

Plants from woody rootstock. Stems decumbent to ascending, sparsely puberulent to glabrate. Leaves: stipules subulate or lanceolate, 1–8 mm; petiole to 1/2 length of blade, glabrate (or puberulent distally); blade ovate to elliptic, 5–10 cm, ca. 1.5 times as long as wide, margins coarsely serrate, apex acute, surfaces glabrate. Pedicels 2–11 cm, without involucellar nectaries at apex; involucellar bractlets 8–10, lanceolate to spatulate, 6–14 mm. Flowers: calyx 10–20 mm, inconspicuously punctate, minutely puberulent to glabrate; corolla campanulate, usually with dark red center, 1.5–3.5 cm; staminal column pallid or dark red, apically 5-dentate; style pallid; stigmas 4 or 5, dark red. Capsules obovoid-obtuse, 4 or 5-locular, 8–14 mm, glabrous. Seeds 3–4 mm, inconspicuously hairy, hairs tightly appressed, usually tan or brownish. 2n = 20.


Phenology: Flowering winter–spring.
Habitat: Open areas, usually in heavy, often saline soil
Elevation: 30–100 m

Distribution

V6 443-distribution-map.jpg

Tex., South America (Argentina), South America (Brazil), South America (Paraguay)

Discussion

In the flora area, Cienfuegosia drummondii is known only from the coastal areas of southern Texas.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Cienfuegosia drummondii"
Paul A. Fryxell† +  and Steven R. Hill +
(A. Gray) Lewton +
Fugosia drummondii +
ovate +  and elliptic +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
lanceolate +  and spatulate +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
minutely puberulent +  and glabrate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
obovoid-obtuse +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
Yellow fugosia +  and sulphur mallow +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
Tex. +, South America (Argentina) +, South America (Brazil) +  and South America (Paraguay) +
30–100 m +
sparse;copious +
pistillate +  and staminate +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
hairy +  and glabrous +
ovoid +  and not inflated +
Open areas, usually in heavy, often saline soil +
brownish +  and tan +
axillary +  and terminal +
tough-fibrous +
connate +  and distinct +
simple +, stipulate +, sessile +, subsessile +  and petiolate +
distichous +  and alternate +
wedge--shaped +
3-5-carpellate +
(1-)2-many +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (11 cm110 mm <br />0.11 m <br />) +
adnate +  and distinct +
0 length of blade;1/2 length of blade +
Flowering winter–spring. +
Bull. Torrey Bot. Club +
reniform +
3mm +  and 4mm +
persistent +
sessile +  and subsessile +
dark red +  and pallid +
not viscid +
decumbent;ascending +
5 +  and 4 +
clavate +  and 3-5-lobed +
1-2 times number of carpels +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
unbranched +  and branched +
Mallow +
Cienfuegosia drummondii +
Cienfuegosia +
species +
monoecious +, dioecious +  and hermaphroditic +