Coccoloba diversifolia

Jacquin

Enum. Syst. Pl., 19. 1760.

Common names: Pigeon-plum dove-plum uvilla tie-tongue
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 484.

Plants with branches spreading, to 10 (–18) m. Stems: bark light gray, peeling off in short flakes, inner bark light-brown; twigs green or grayish green when young, gray or whitish gray at maturity, glabrous or nearly so. Leaves: those of adventitious or juvenile shoots often much larger and of different shape from those of normal shoots; ocrea persistent proximally, deciduous distally, tan or brown, cylindric, 3–5 mm, coriaceous proximally, membranous distally, margins oblique, glabrous or puberulent; petiole 5–15 mm, glabrous or puberulent; blade pale green abaxially, green to dark green adaxially, lanceolate, ovate, obovate, or elliptic, (3–) 5–10 (–13) × (1–) 3–5 (–7) cm, length usually 2–3 times width, coriaceous, base acute to obtuse, margins often revolute, apex acuminate to obtuse or blunt, abaxial surface dull, adaxial surface shiny, minutely punctate, glabrous. Inflorescences (1.5–) 3–10 (–18) cm, glabrous, pistillate spreading or pendent in fruit; peduncle 1–6 cm, glabrous. Pedicels 1–3 mm, glabrous. Flowers: tepals round to broadly elliptic, margins entire, apex obtuse. Staminate flowers 1–3 per ocreate fascicle. Pistillate flowers: tube spherical to obpyriform, 9–14 × 6–10 mm, becoming fleshy. Achenes 6–10 × 6–9 mm, shiny. 2n = 22 (West Indies).


Phenology: Flowering year-round.
Habitat: Sandy coastal hummocks, limestone forests
Elevation: 0-10 m

Distribution

V5 1009-distribution-map.gif

Fla., s Mexico, West Indies, Central America (Belize), Central America (Guatemala)

Discussion

The wood of Coccoloba diversifolia has a specific gravity of 0.8 and is strong and brittle (E. L. Little Jr. et al. 1969).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"/2" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Coccoloba diversifolia"
brown;black +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
3-gonous +
bluish white +  and white +
elliptic +  and round +
Craig C. Freeman +
Jacquin +
light gray +
acute +  and obtuse +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (13 cm130 mm <br />0.13 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
green +  and dark green +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
elliptic;obovate;elliptic;obovate;ovate;lanceolate +
coriaceous +
3cm;5cm +
foliaceous +  and perfoliate +
scale-like +
just below the soil surface or and above the soil surface +  and spreading +
Pigeon-plum +, dove-plum +, uvilla +  and tie-tongue +
Fla. +, s Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America (Belize) +  and Central America (Guatemala) +
0-10 m +
adnate +  and connate +
pistillate +  and staminate +
disarticulating +  and solid +
decumbent to erect +  and prostrate +
unwinged +  and winged +
black +, red +, brown +  and yellowish +
exserted +  and included +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
spheroidal +, 4-gonous +, lenticular +, biconvex +, discoid +, 3-gonous +  and 2-gonous +
Sandy coastal hummocks, limestone forests +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (18 cm180 mm <br />0.18 m <br />) +
pendent +, spreading +  and pistillate +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
nonmembranous +
persistent +
cauline +  and basal +
puberulent +  and glabrous +
lobed +, undulate +, crisped +, crenulate +  and entire +
swollen +
partly +  and foliaceous +
brown +  and tan +
deciduous +  and persistent +
cylindric +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
membranous +  and coriaceous +
anatropous +, , +  and orthotropous +
accrescent +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
campanulate +
accrescent +  and nonaccrescent +
puberulent +  and glabrous +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
Flowering year-round. +
(2-)3(-4)-carpellate +
rudimentary +
Enum. Syst. Pl., +
slender;stout +
adventitious +
rudimentary +
not scapose +
spreading +  and erect +
penicillate +, fimbriate +  and capitate +
deciduous +  and persistent +
2-lobed +  and cylindric +
coriaceous +  and membranous +
distinct +
Coccoloba diversifolia +
Coccoloba +
species +
monomorphic +  and sepaloid +
round +  and broadly elliptic +
coriaceous +
persistent +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
spherical;obpyriform +
6mm;10mm +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
whitish gray +, gray +, grayish green +  and green +
nearly +  and glabrous +