Coptis occidentalis

(Nuttall) Torrey & A. Gray

Fl. N. Amer. 1:28. 1838.

EndemicIllustrated
Basionym: Chrysocoptis occidentalis Nuttall J.Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 7:8. 1834
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Rhizomes pale-brown. Leaves: blade ternate; leaflets long-petiolulate, blade widely ovate, incised with 2-3 lobes divided ca. 1/2 length to base, margins sharply serrate-denticulate. Inflorescences 2-3 (-5) -flowered, often shorter than leaves at anthesis, 10-25 cm, elongating to 32 cm in fruit. Flowers erect; sepals spreading to reflexed, linear-lanceolate, 7-11× 0.4-1 mm; petals linear-lanceolate, nectary nearly basal, blade flattened, narrowly ligulate at apex; stamens 10-35. Follicles 5-15; stipe slightly shorter than body; body oblong, 7.5-14 mm; beak recurved, less than 1 mm. Seeds 2.2-2.6 mm.


Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Moist, coniferous woods
Elevation: 500-2000 m

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"/2" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Coptis occidentalis"
Bruce A. Ford +
(Nuttall) Torrey & A. Gray +
cuneate +, truncate +  and cordate +
Chrysocoptis occidentalis +
straight +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
ligulate +  and ternate +
flattened;incised;ovate +
0.75 cm7.5 mm <br />0.0075 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
globose;cylindric +
1-4-flowered +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
Idaho +, Mont. +  and Wash. +
500-2000 m +
showy +  and inconspicuous +
not veined +, stipitate +  and aggregate +
Moist, coniferous woods +
axillary +  and terminal +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br />) +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
long-petiolulate +
parted +, lobed +, triangular +  and ovate +
divided +
palmate +  and pinnate +
serrate-denticulate +
distinct +
conspicuous +
reduced +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
Flowering spring. +
4 +  and 15 +
Fl. N. Amer. +
not arillate +  and stalked +
wrinkled +
ellipsoid +
green;white +
not persistent +
distinct +
spreading +  and reflexed +
3 +  and 6 +
linear-lanceolate +
0.42 cm4.2 mm <br />0.0042 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
oblong +  and ellipsoid +
pale-brown +, yellow +  and orange +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
persistent +
Coptis occidentalis +
species +
herbaceous +  and woody +