Crataegus (sect. Coccineae) ser. Tenuifoliae
Man. Cult. Trees ed. 2, 362. 1940.
Shrubs or trees, 20–70 (–80) dm, main trunk dominant. Stems: trunk bark buff to gray-brown, fibrous, checked into longitudinal plates, freshly exposed bark orangebrown; branches spreading; twigs ± straight, new growth usually glabrous, sometimes sparsely pubescent, 1-year old deep reddish-brown, older gray; thorns on twigs usually numerous, usually recurved, 1-year old shiny, dark-brown to black, stout to slender, 2.5–6 cm. Leaves: petiole 1–3 cm, length 30–60% blade, glabrous, sessile-glandular or eglandular; blade pale green abaxially, mid dark green adaxially, elliptic to ovate or ovate-deltate, 3–6 (–8) cm, thin to chartaceous, base cuneate to rounded or truncate to subcordate, lobes 0 or 3–6 per side, sinuses shallow to deep, lobe apex usually acute, margins serrate, venation craspedodromous, veins (3 or) 4–7 per side, apex usually acute, sometimes subacute or acuminate, abaxial surface glabrous, veins pilose young in some, adaxial appressed-scabrous-pubescent young, glabrescent. Inflorescences (4 or) 5–10 (–20) -flowered, convex panicles; branches glabrous or villous; bracteoles caducous, absent or few to several, narrow, membranous, margins short-stipitate-glandular. Flowers (10–) 13–17 (–26) mm diam.; hypanthium usually glabrous, sometimes villous at base; sepals narrowly triangular, much shorter than petals, margins subentire or glandular-serrate, rarely nearly eglandular; stamens 5–10 or 20, anthers pink to red or purple; styles 3–5. Pomes red, rarely with orange or orange-red spots, ellipsoid to suborbicular, sometimes broadly pyriform, 8–15 (–20) mm diam., glabrous; flesh mellow; sepals erect-patent to recurved or erose, nonaccrescent; pyrenes (2 or) 3–5.
Species 7 (7 in the flora).
Members of ser. Tenuifoliae range through nearly the whole of the eastern United States (except Florida) and also in adjacent Canada. Crataegus wootonianais a disjunct species in the mountains of New Mexico.
Relatively small and thin leaves, entire or weakly serrate sepals, and pink to reddish anthers characterize most ser. Tenuifoliae. Bracteole frequency in this series appears to correlate positively with inflorescence hairiness; the species flower relatively early among sympatric congeners and are often strikingly tinged with anthocyanins at leaf expansion.
Members of ser. Tenuifoliae are most similar to those of ser. Coccineae (the latter usually being larger in all parts and usually more hairy), to ser. Rotundifoliae via Crataegus flabellata, and to some members of ser. Populneaeae, this last series a grouping of taxa intermediate between ser. Pruinosae and ser. Tenuifoliae.
The interserial hybrids Crataegus ×fretalis and C. ×lucorum key out in the eighth and fourth couplets, respectively.
|1||Stamens ca. 20||> 2|
|1||Stamens 5–10||> 6|
|2||Inflorescence branches glabrous||> 3|
|2||Inflorescence branches hairy||> 4|
|3||Leaf marginal teeth 1 mm; leaf blades on extension shoots ovate.||Crataegus schuettei|
|3||Leaf marginal teeth 1.5–3 mm; leaf blades on extension shoots suborbiculate or broadly deltate.||Crataegus roribacca|
|4||Leaf lobe apices acute, lobe sinuses shallow to moderately deep; anthers purple; adaxial leaf surfaces glabrous.||Crataegus ×lucorum|
|4||Leaf lobe apices acute to acuminate, lobe sinuses deep; anthers usually pink or red; adaxial leaf surfaces appressed-scabrous young||> 5|
|5||Leaf blades narrowly ovate; inflorescence branches sparsely pubescent.||Crataegus schuettei|
|5||Leaf blades broadly elliptic to ovate; inflorescence branches villous.||Crataegus flabellata|
|6||Inflorescence branches hairy||> 7|
|6||Inflorescence branches glabrous||> 8|
|7||Leaf blades not glossy, mid green, lobes usually acute, sinuses shallow to moderately deep; sepal margins usually eglandular, subentire in c and e of range; Minnesota to Quebec and Maine, uncommon in area of sympatry with C. flabellata.||Crataegus fluviatilis|
|7||Leaf blades glossy, dark green, lobes acuminate, sinuses deep; sepal margins usually glandular, often serrate; Ontario to New England and Nova Scotia.||Crataegus flabellata|
|8||Sepal margins coarsely glandular-serrate.||Crataegus ×fretalis|
|8||Sepal margins usually subentire||> 9|
|9||Leaves 40–60% mature size at anthesis; Louisiana to South Carolina piedmont north to se Virginia coastal plain.||Crataegus iracunda|
|9||Leaves 70–100% mature size at anthesis; New Mexico or ne and midwestern United States and adjacent Canada south in the Appalachians at high altitudes to Georgia||> 10|
|10||Flowers 13–17(–22) mm diam.; leaf sinuses moderately deep; petioles sparsely to densely glandular; e North America.||Crataegus macrosperma|
|10||Flowers 10–12 mm diam.; leaf sinuses shallow; petioles eglandular or sparsely glandular; New Mexico.||Crataegus wootoniana|