Crataegus ignava

Beadle

Biltmore Bot. Stud. 1: 31. 1901.

EndemicIllustrated
Synonyms: Crataegus alleghaniensis var. ignava (Beadle) Lance
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 616. Mentioned on page 611, 612.

Shrubs, 20–40 (–50) dm. Stems: twigs ± flexuous, new growth reddish green, glabrous, 1-year old tan to shiny chestnut, older ± dark gray, often reddish tinged; thorns on twigs ± numerous, straight, 1–2-years old black, ± fine, 2–3 cm (3–5 cm at 2-years old). Leaves: petiole length 30–40% blade, glabrous, sessile-glandular, glands black; blade ± ovate or ovate-rhombic, 2.5–3.5 cm, coriaceous, base broadly cuneate or ± rounded, lobes 2 or 3 per side, sinuses moderately deep, lobe apex acute, margins obscurely crenate-serrate, teeth gland-dotted, veins 4 or 5 per side, apex acute, abaxial surface glabrous, adaxial sparsely pilose young, soon glabrescent. Inflorescences 2–5-flowered; branches glabrous; bracteoles mainly persistent through petal-fall, numerous, linear, herbaceous to membranous, margins usually stipitate-glandular. Flowers 15 mm diam.; hypanthium glabrous; sepals narrowly triangular, 6 mm, margins glandular-serrate, abaxially glabrous; stamens 20, anthers pale-pink, sometimes pale-purple; styles 3–5. Pomes orange-red, suborbicular, 10–17 mm diam., glabrous; sepals spreading-recurved; pyrenes 3–5.


Phenology: Flowering Apr; fruiting Sep–Oct.
Habitat: Brush, rocky hills
Elevation: 50–200 m

Discussion

Crataegus ignava is locally common in east-central Alabama and north-central and central Georgia; it is one of the more distinct species in the series with its often rhombic-ovate, quite deeply lobed leaves and large orange-red fruit.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Crataegus ignava"
glabrous +, glabrescent +  and hairy +
glabrescent +  and pilose +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
pale-purple +  and pale-pink +
James B. Phipps +
Beadle +
thin-exfoliating +  and corrugated +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
rounded +  and cuneate +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
ovate-rhombic +  and ovate +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
linear +  and narrowly oblong +
rather than pendent +  and spreading +
adnate +  and distinct +
crowded +, scattered +  and alternate +
Ala. +  and Ga. +
not +  and aggregated +
50–200 m +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (?) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
not +  and aggregated +
yellow +  and red or purplish +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
reddish tinged +, dark gray +, tan +  and shiny chestnut +
older +  and new +
Brush, rocky hills +
constricted +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
crassinucellate +
deciduous +
craspedodromous +
glandular-serrate +  and crenate-serrate +
glabrous +  and stipitate-glandular +
glandular-crenate to glandular-serrate +  and glandular-crenate +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
inferior +  and superior +
biseriate +  and clustered +
collateral +  and basal +
larger +  and reduced +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
elliptic +  and circular +
0 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
free +  and distinct +
post-mature +
Flowering Apr +  and fruiting Sep–Oct. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
dark gray-brown +  and russet +
exfoliating +  and corrugated +
pruinose +
orange-red +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br />) +
suborbicular +
Biltmore Bot. Stud. +
not arillate +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
spreading-recurved +
triangular +
nonaccrescent +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (?) +
1-50-flowered +  and few-leaved +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
free +  and distinct +
branched +  and simple +
persistent +
distinct +
exsert +  and lateral +
elongate +
glabrous +  and tomentose +
Crataegus alleghaniensis var. ignava +
Crataegus ignava +
Crataegus (sect. Coccineae) ser. Apricae +
species +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
straight +
slender +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
craspedodromous +  and gland-tipped +
gland-dotted +
inconspicuous +
less erect +  and oblique +
1 +  and several +
flexuous +
determinate +
5 +  and 4 +