Cylindropuntia californica var. californica

Common names: Snake cholla
Illustrated
Synonyms: Opuntia parryi var. serpentina Opuntia serpentina Engelmann
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 113. Mentioned on page 114.

Shrubs, suberect to decumbent, to 1 m. Stem segments bearing oval tubercles usually 0.7–1.5 cm, larger on old stems. Spines subequal in length. 2n = 22.


Phenology: Flowering spring (Apr-early Jun).
Habitat: Coastal sage scrub, sandy soils
Elevation: 0-100 m

Distribution

V4 216-distribution-map.gif

Calif., Mexico (Baja California)

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
cushionlike +
gray +  and tan +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
deciduous +  and persistent +
0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
13 +  and 30 +
obdeltate +  and rhombic +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
Donald J. Pinkava +
(Torrey & A. Gray) F. M. Knuth in C. Backeberg and F. M. Knuth +
Cereus californicus +  and Opuntia californica +
proliferating +
flattened +  and cylindric +
Snake cholla +
Calif. +  and Mexico (Baja California) +
0-100 m +
yellow +  and green +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
spineless +  and few-spined +
gray-tan;green;yellowish +
indehiscent +
persistent +, long +  and deciduous +
15mm;32mm +
tuberculate +
top-shaped +  and subspheric +
dry +  and fleshy +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (2.6 cm26 mm <br />0.026 m <br />) +
Coastal sage scrub, sandy soils +
deciduous +
flattened +  and conic +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
succulent +
tuberculate +
fluted;spheric;depressed-spheric or club-shaped +
tinged color +
sometimes covered by outgrowths of proximal portion of style base or of flower tube wall +  and open +
persistent +  and deciduous +
Flowering spring (Apr-early Jun). +
ridgelike +  and nipple--shaped +
in C. Backeberg and F. M. Knuth, Kaktus-ABC, +
3;2;2;30 +
flanged +
tuberlike +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
warped;squarish;angular +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Illustrated +
deciduous +  and persistent +
subequal +
conspicuous +
7 (?) +  and 13 (?) +
flattened +
hard +  and rigid +
decurrent +
winged +  and unsegmented +
tuberculate +  and smooth +
40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br /> (50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br />) +
green +  and purplish green +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
segmented +
woody +  and succulent +
cream-white +  and yellow +
cream-white +  and light green +
Opuntia parryi var. serpentina +  and Opuntia serpentina +
adventitious +
tuberlike +
epipetric +  and epiphytic +
Cylindropuntia californica var. californica +
Cylindropuntia californica +
variety +
dull +  and glossy +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
terrestrial;epiphytic or epipetric +
suberect +  and decumbent +
dark gray +  and tan +