Delphinium carolinianum subsp. carolinianum

Common names: Blue larkspur Carolina larkspur
EndemicIllustrated
Synonyms: Delphinium carolinianum var. crispum L. M. Perry Delphinium carolinianum var. nortonianum (Mackenzie & Bush) L. M. Perry
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Roots without elongate central axis; fascicles 2-8, ± horizontal. Stems (30-) 60-100 (-150) cm. Leaves all cauline at anthesis; distalmost petioles less than 5 mm. Leaf-blade not distinctly 3-parted; ultimate lobes of midcauline leaf-blades 12-25, width 0.5-1.5 mm. Flowers: sepals various shades of blue or purple, rarely white. 2n = 16, 32.


Phenology: Flowering late winter–early summer.
Habitat: Prairies and forest openings
Elevation: 50-700 m

Distribution

V3 696-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Ark., Fla., Ga., Ill., Iowa, Kans., Miss., Mo., N.C., Okla., S.C.

Discussion

Delphinium carolinianum subsp. carolinianum occasionally hybridizes with D. treleasei.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
Michael J. Warnock +
Walter +
usually larger +
not +  and reddish +
not narrowed +
expanded +
straight +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
smaller +
subopposite-subalternate +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
blue +  and green +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
nearly glabrous +  and glandular +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
minute +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (?) +
globose;cylindric +
multicellular +
straight +
brick--shaped +  and wavy +
Blue larkspur +  and Carolina larkspur +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.C. +, Okla. +  and S.C. +
50-700 m +
sessile +  and pedicellate +
showy +  and inconspicuous +
1.85 cm18.5 mm <br />0.0185 m <br /> (2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br />) +
glabrous +  and puberulent +
1.25 cm12.5 mm <br />0.0125 m <br /> (1.85 cm18.5 mm <br />0.0185 m <br />) +
sessile +  and aggregate +
curved-cylindric +
Prairies and forest openings +
yellow;blue;white +
(3-)8-27(-94)-flowered +
axillary +  and terminal +
1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br /> (1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br />) +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
less ovate +  and elliptic +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
2cm +  and 12cm +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
cauline +  and basal +
largest +
lacerate;crenate +
clawed +, 2-lobed +, ovate +  and plane +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
multicellular +
brick--shaped;wavy +
smaller +
1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br /> (5.7 cm57 mm <br />0.057 m <br />) +
appressed-ascending +
nearly glabrous +  and glandular +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
distinct +
conspicuous +
reduced +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (14 cm140 mm <br />0.14 m <br />) +
Flowering late winter–early summer. +
Fl. Carol., +
2-100-flowered +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
multicellular +
straight +
brick--shaped +  and wavy +
2-8-branched +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
fusiform +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
not wing-margined +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
not ringed +
crescent-shaped +  and obpyramidal +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br />) +
white;purple;blue +
not persistent +
distinct +
3 +  and 6 +
not +  and veined +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
ascending +  and upcurved +
60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +
persistent +
smooth;pustulate +
Delphinium carolinianum var. crispum +  and Delphinium carolinianum var. nortonianum +
Delphinium carolinianum subsp. carolinianum +
Delphinium carolinianum +
subspecies +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br />) +
herbaceous +  and woody +