Delphinium carolinianum subsp. vimineum

(D. Don) M. J. Warnock

Syst. Bot. 6: 49. 1981.

Common names: Pine woods larkspur blue larkspur Gulf Coast larkspur
Basionym: Delphinium vimineum D. Don in R. Sweet, Brit. Fl. Gard. 7: plate 374. 1837
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Roots usually with elongate single central axis, axis ± vertical, terminal branches (if present) sometimes approaching horizontal. Stems 20-60 (-100) cm. Leaves usually basal and cauline at anthesis; distalmost petioles more than 5 mm. Leaf-blade distinctly 3-parted; ultimate lobes of midcauline leaf-blades 3-9, width 3-10 mm. Flowers: sepals various shades of blue to white. 2n = 16, 32.


Phenology: Flowering late winter–early summer.
Habitat: Sandy or clay soils, coastal prairies, pine woods, Prosopis or Quercus scrub
Elevation: 0-300 m

Distribution

V3 562-distribution-map.gif

Ark., La., Okla., Tex., Mexico (Coahuila), Mexico (Nuevo León), Mexico (and Tamaulipas)

Discussion

Delphinium carolinianum subsp. vimineum hybridizes with D. madrense especially on southern edge of Edwards Plateau in Texas.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
Michael J. Warnock +
(D. Don) M. J. Warnock +
usually larger +
not +  and reddish +
not narrowed +
expanded +
Delphinium vimineum +
straight +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
smaller +
subopposite-subalternate +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
blue +  and green +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
nearly glabrous +  and glandular +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
minute +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (?) +
globose;cylindric +
multicellular +
straight +
brick--shaped +  and wavy +
Pine woods larkspur +, blue larkspur +  and Gulf Coast larkspur +
Ark. +, La. +, Okla. +, Tex. +, Mexico (Coahuila) +, Mexico (Nuevo León) +  and Mexico (and Tamaulipas) +
0-300 m +
sessile +  and pedicellate +
showy +  and inconspicuous +
1.85 cm18.5 mm <br />0.0185 m <br /> (2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br />) +
glabrous +  and puberulent +
1.25 cm12.5 mm <br />0.0125 m <br /> (1.85 cm18.5 mm <br />0.0185 m <br />) +
sessile +  and aggregate +
curved-cylindric +
Sandy or clay soils, coastal prairies, pine woods, Prosopis or Quercus scrub +
yellow;blue;white +
(3-)8-27(-94)-flowered +
axillary +  and terminal +
1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br /> (1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br />) +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
less ovate +  and elliptic +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
2cm +  and 12cm +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
largest +
lacerate;crenate +
clawed +, 2-lobed +, ovate +  and plane +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
multicellular +
brick--shaped;wavy +
smaller +
1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br /> (5.7 cm57 mm <br />0.057 m <br />) +
appressed-ascending +
nearly glabrous +  and glandular +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
distinct +
conspicuous +
reduced +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (14 cm140 mm <br />0.14 m <br />) +
Flowering late winter–early summer. +
2-100-flowered +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
multicellular +
straight +
brick--shaped +  and wavy +
2-8-branched +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
fusiform +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
not wing-margined +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
not ringed +
crescent-shaped +  and obpyramidal +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br />) +
not persistent +
distinct +
3 +  and 6 +
not +  and veined +
Illustrated +
ascending +  and upcurved +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br />) +
persistent +
smooth;pustulate +
Delphinium carolinianum subsp. vimineum +
Delphinium carolinianum +
subspecies +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br />) +
herbaceous +  and woody +