Elliottia

Muhlenberg ex Elliott

Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 448. 1817 ,.

Etymology: For Stephen Elliott, 1771–1830, American botanist and banker
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 473. Mentioned on page 370, 372, 374, 449.
 TaxonIllustrator 
FNA8 P55 Rhododendron viscosum.jpegRhododendron viscosum
Elliottia
Elliottia pyroliflora
Epigaea
Epigaea repens
Yevonn Wilson-Ramsey
Barbara Alongi
Barbara Alongi
Yevonn Wilson-Ramsey
Yevonn Wilson-Ramsey

Shrubs or trees. Stems erect; twigs glabrous. Leaves deciduous [persistent], alternate, sometimes seemingly whorled; petiole present; blade subcoriaceous, margins entire. Inflorescences terminal racemes, panicles, or cymes, 2–80-flowered, sometimes flowers solitary; perulae absent. Flowers bisexual, radially symmetric; sepals [3–] 5, ± distinct; petals 4–5, distinct or connate to 1/4 their lengths, corolla deciduous, rotate; stamens 8 (–10), exserted; anthers without awns, dehiscent laterally; ovary 5–6-locular; style exserted; stigma expanded, discoid. Fruits capsular, spheroidal or oblate-spheroidal, dehiscence ± septicidal. Seeds 30–100, ovoid, flattened, not tailed, sometimes winged; testa pitted. x = 11.

Distribution

se, w North America, e Asia (Japan)

Discussion

Cladothamnus Bongard; Tripetaleia Siebold & Zuccarini

Species 4 (2 in the flora).

Although Cladothamnus, Elliottia, and Tripetaleia were long treated as distinct genera, B. A. Bohm et al. (1978) concluded that they should be merged in a single genus. This was followed by P. F. Stevens et al. (2004). The two species endemic to Japan are E. bracteata Bentham & Hooker f. and E. paniculata Bentham & Hooker f.

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Shrubs, 0.5-3 m; inflorescences solitary flowers or cymes; petals pinkish to copper colored. Elliottia pyroliflora
1 Shrubs or trees, (2-)3-5(-12) m; inflorescences racemose or paniculate; petals white. Elliottia racemosa

"/4" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Elliottia"
Gordon C. Tucker +
Muhlenberg ex Elliott +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
acicular;plane +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
se +, w North America +  and e Asia (Japan) +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
For Stephen Elliott, 1771–1830, American botanist and banker +
pendulous +  and erect +
oblate-spheroidal;spheroidal +
multicellular +
terminal +  and axillary +
whorled +  and alternate +
deciduous +
revolute;plane;toothed;entire;revolute;plane;toothed;entire +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
connate +  and distinct +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (?) +
4 +  and 5 +
reduced +
not sticky +
4-5-carpellate +
Sketch Bot. S. Carolina +
distinct +
not tailed +, flattened +  and ovoid +
distinct +
procumbent +  and prostrate +
creeping +  and sprawling +
peltate +  and capitate +
expanded +
straight +
Undefined tribe Empetraceae +
Elliottia +
Ericaceae subfam. Ericoideae +
achlorophyllous +  and chlorophyllous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
tree +  and shrub +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +