Elliottia

Muhlenberg ex Elliott

Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 448. 1817 ,.

Etymology: For Stephen Elliott, 1771–1830, American botanist and banker
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 473. Mentioned on page 370, 372, 374, 449.

Shrubs or trees. Stems erect; twigs glabrous. Leaves deciduous [persistent], alternate, sometimes seemingly whorled; petiole present; blade subcoriaceous, margins entire. Inflorescences terminal racemes, panicles, or cymes, 2–80-flowered, sometimes flowers solitary; perulae absent. Flowers bisexual, radially symmetric; sepals [3–] 5, ± distinct; petals 4–5, distinct or connate to 1/4 their lengths, corolla deciduous, rotate; stamens 8 (–10), exserted; anthers without awns, dehiscent laterally; ovary 5–6-locular; style exserted; stigma expanded, discoid. Fruits capsular, spheroidal or oblate-spheroidal, dehiscence ± septicidal. Seeds 30–100, ovoid, flattened, not tailed, sometimes winged; testa pitted. x = 11.

Distribution

se, w North America, e Asia (Japan)

Discussion

Cladothamnus Bongard; Tripetaleia Siebold & Zuccarini

Species 4 (2 in the flora).

Although Cladothamnus, Elliottia, and Tripetaleia were long treated as distinct genera, B. A. Bohm et al. (1978) concluded that they should be merged in a single genus. This was followed by P. F. Stevens et al. (2004). The two species endemic to Japan are E. bracteata Bentham & Hooker f. and E. paniculata Bentham & Hooker f.

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Shrubs, 0.5-3 m; inflorescences solitary flowers or cymes; petals pinkish to copper colored. Elliottia pyroliflora
1 Shrubs or trees, (2-)3-5(-12) m; inflorescences racemose or paniculate; petals white. Elliottia racemosa

"/4" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Elliottia"
Gordon C. Tucker +
Muhlenberg ex Elliott +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
acicular;plane +
subcoriaceous +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
se +, w North America +  and e Asia (Japan) +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
For Stephen Elliott, 1771–1830, American botanist and banker +
pendulous +  and erect +
oblate-spheroidal;spheroidal +
multicellular +
terminal +  and axillary +
whorled +  and alternate +
deciduous +
revolute;plane;toothed;entire;revolute;plane;toothed;entire +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
connate +  and distinct +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (?) +
4 +  and 5 +
reduced +
not sticky +
4-5-carpellate +
Sketch Bot. S. Carolina +
distinct +
not tailed +, flattened +  and ovoid +
distinct +
procumbent +  and prostrate +
creeping +  and sprawling +
peltate +  and capitate +
expanded +
straight +
Undefined tribe Empetraceae +
Elliottia +
Ericaceae subfam. Ericoideae +
achlorophyllous +  and chlorophyllous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
tree +  and shrub +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +