Elliottia pyroliflora

(Bongard) Brim & P. F. Stevens

J. Arnold Arbor. 59: 336. 1978 ,.

Common names: Copperbush
Basionyms: Cladothamnus pyroliflorus Bongard Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6., Sci. Math. 2: 155, plate 1. 1832 (as pyrolaeflorus)
Synonyms: Leiophyllum pyroliflorum (Bongard) Dippel
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 474.

Shrubs, 0.5–3 m, ± spreading; older twigs with copper-colored, shreddy bark, twigs of current season green, glabrous or sparsely hairy. Leaves alternate or seemingly whorled at ends of twigs; petiole 1–4 mm; blade elliptic to oblanceolate, (1.5–) 2–5 × 0.6–1.4 cm, base cuneate, margins flat, apex mucronate, surfaces glaucous. Inflorescences terminal, solitary flowers or 2–3-flowered cymes, 2–4 cm; bracts leaflike, lanceolate, 10–15 mm, margins entire. Pedicels 5–10 mm, with 1–2, persistent bracteoles distally. Flowers: calyx lobes 5, lanceolate, 7–10 × 2–4 mm, apex acute, ciliate along margins especially basally; corolla 5-lobed, petals pinkish or copper colored, narrowly elliptic, 10–15 mm; stamens 8 (–10); filaments glabrous; anthers 1.7–2 mm; style (persisting in fruit), curved or recurved, 10–12 mm. Capsules 5–6-parted, spheroidal, 5–8 mm, finely pitted, glabrous. Seeds 0.5–0.8 mm, testa with conspicuous cells. 2n = 22.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Jul.
Habitat: Moist, coniferous forests and associated habitats in mountainous regions with cool temperatures and high rainfall, especially stream banks, bog edges, tree clumps, and forest edges in subalpine parkland
Elevation: 0-2500 m

Distribution

V8 925-distribution-map.gif

B.C., Alaska, Oreg., Wash.

Discussion

Elliottia pyroliflora has a wider geographic and elevational range than E. racemosa; it is considered difficult to grow.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"/4" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Elliottia pyroliflora"
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
Acute (?) +  and Mucronate (?) +
Gordon C. Tucker +
(Bongard) Brim & P. F. Stevens +
furrowed +  and smooth +
copper-colored +
not flaky +
cuneate +
Cladothamnus pyroliflorus +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
elliptic;oblanceolate +
subcoriaceous +
0.6cm;1.4cm +
lanceolate +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
spheroidal +  and 5-6-parted +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
conspicuous +
Copperbush +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
2-3-flowered +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
B.C. +, Alaska +, Oreg. +  and Wash. +
0-2500 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
oblate-spheroidal;spheroidal +
Moist, coniferous forests and associated habitats in mountainous regions with cool temperatures and high rainfall, especially stream banks, bog edges, tree clumps, and forest edges in subalpine parkland +
multicellular +
terminal +  and axillary +
whorled +  and alternate +
deciduous +
revolute;plane;toothed;entire;revolute;plane;toothed;entire +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
connate +  and distinct +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (?) +
4 +  and 5 +
reduced +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
not sticky +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
Flowering Jun–Jul. +
4-5-carpellate +
J. Arnold Arbor. +
distinct +
not tailed +, flattened +  and ovoid +
0.5mm +  and 0.8mm +
distinct +
procumbent +  and prostrate +
creeping +  and sprawling +
peltate +  and capitate +
expanded +
straight +
Leiophyllum pyroliflorum +
Elliottia pyroliflora +
Elliottia +
species +
hairy +  and glabrous +
achlorophyllous +  and chlorophyllous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +