Fragaria virginiana subsp. virginiana

Synonyms: Fragaria australis (Rydberg) Rydberg F. virginiana var. australis Rydberg F. virginiana var. canadensis Farwell
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 277.

Stolons spreading-hairy proximally, sometimes ascending-hairy or glabrous distally. Leaves: petiole spreading-hairy; leaflet blade usually dark green to slightly bluish green, sometimes bright green, not glaucous, terminal leaflets oblong-ovate or slightly rhombic, not leathery, margins sharply serrate in distal 1/2 to throughout, teeth: relative number 0.2–0.8. Peduncles usually ± spreading-hairy proximally, appressed ascending-hairy or glabrous distally. Pedicels appressed-hairy or glabrous. Flowers 12.1–19.5 mm diam. (pistillate), 15.2–23.6 mm diam. (bisexual or staminate). Fruits: bractlets clasping, spreading, or ± reflexed. 2n = 56.


Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Moist to dry sites, open forests, forest edges, hedges, fields, roadsides, railroad embankments, abandoned fields, often ruderal
Elevation: 0–1000 m

Distribution

V9 445-distribution-map.jpg

St. Pierre and Miquelon, Man., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"thin" is not a number.

yellowish green +  and reddish-brown +
superficial +
ovoid +  and ovate +
1.2mm +  and 1.8mm +
Günter Staudt† +
Miller +
ovate +, shallowly deltate +  and widely ovate or widely depressed +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
thin +  and thick +
reflexed +  and spreading +
free +  and distinct +
St. Pierre and Miquelon +, Man. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
not +  and aggregated +
0–1000 m +
1.52 cm15.2 mm <br />0.0152 m <br /> (2.36 cm23.6 mm <br />0.0236 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
Moist to dry sites, open forests, forest edges, hedges, fields, roadsides, railroad embankments, abandoned fields, often ruderal +
0.95 cm9.5 mm <br />0.0095 m <br /> (2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br />) +
crassinucellate +
opposite +  and alternate +
bright green +, usually green +  and bluish green +
deciduous +
leathery +
rhombic +  and roundish +
serrate +  and crenate +
inferior +  and superior +
clustered +, biseriate +  and superposed +
glabrous +  and appressed-hairy +
glabrous +, ascending-hairy +, appressed +  and spreading-hairy +
5 (?) +  and 9 (?) +
Pink (?) +  and White (?) +
free +  and distinct +
spreading-hairy +
Flowering spring. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
Gard. Dict. ed. +
not arillate +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
reflexed +  and spreading +
lanceolate +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
free +  and distinct +
1 +  and 10 +
palmate +  and pinnate +
deciduous +
distinct +
not elongate +
Fragaria australis +, F. virginiana var. australis +  and F. virginiana var. canadensis +
Fragaria virginiana subsp. virginiana +
Fragaria virginiana +
subspecies +
rhombic +  and oblong-ovate +
0.2 +  and 0.8 +
2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br /> (3.7 cm37 mm <br />0.037 m <br />) +
white +, carmine +, wine red +  and red +
inconspicuous +
subglobose +  and oblong conic or oblate +
enlarged +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br />) +
stoloniferous +, short-rhizomatous +  and acaulescent +
unisexual +  and hermaphroditic +