Mirabilis linearis

(Pursh) Heimerl

Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Gen ève 5: 186. 1901.

Illustrated
Basionym: Allionia linearis Pursh Fl. Amer. Sept. 2: 728. 1814
Synonyms: Mirabilis hirsuta var. linearis (Pursh) B. Boivin Oxybaphus linearis (Pursh) B. L. Robinson
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 52. Mentioned on page 41, 50, 5.

Stems decumbent, ascending, or erect, sparsely leafy with few stems to very leafy and bushy branched, leafy primarily in proximal 1/5 to throughout, 1–1.3 dm, basally minutely puberulent in 2 lines, sparsely or densely spreading-hirsute, or rarely glabrate or glabrous; distally minutely puberulent in 2 lines, sparsely or densely spreading-hirsute, or rarely glabrate or glabrous, usually glandular-puberulent or pubescent in inflorescence. Leaves strongly ascending to spreading at 5–80°; petiole 0–1.5 cm; blade green to blue-gray and glaucous, linear to linear-lanceolate, rarely lanceolate, 3–11.5 × 0.1–1 (–1.8) cm, thin to fleshy, thick, and succulent, base long attenuate or narrowly acute, apex acutely tapered to rounded, surfaces glabrous, glandular-pubescent, or hirsute. Inflorescences axillary and terminal, when axillary, consisting of single involucres or short branches, when terminal with ± well-defined central axis and shorter side branches, or narrowly to widely forked without main axis; peduncle 3–10 mm, usually spreading glandular-puberulent or pilose, crosswalls of hairs pale or dark; involucres pale green, sometimes tinged with purple, narrowly to widely bell-shaped, 3–6 mm in flower, 4–10 (–15) mm in fruit, spreading viscid-pubescent to hirsute, 40–70% connate, lobes ovate. Flowers 3 per involucre; perianth white to purple-pink, 0.7–1.1 cm. Fruits olive brown or dark olive brown, narrowly obovate and tapering at both ends to obovoid, 3.1–5.5 mm, pubescent with spreading crinkled hairs in tufts or ± evenly distributed, hairs 0.1–0.5 mm; ribs sometimes slightly paler, slightly elevated above surface (usually less than 0.5 times as wide as high), low rounded to round-angled, 0.5–1 times width of sulci, 0.3–1 times as wide as high, smooth throughout or sometimes rugose on sides, occasionally interrupted and tuberculate near apex; sulci with small or rarely large tubercles, or low and inconspicuous or occasionally high and prominently cross-rugose.

Distribution

V4 100-distribution-map.gif

Alta., Man., Sask., Ariz., Calif., Colo., Conn., Ill., Ind., Kans., Mich., Miss., Mo., Mont., N.Dak., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., Nebr., Nev., Okla., Pa., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Wis., Wyo., n Mexico

Discussion

Varieties 3 (3 in the flora).

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Stems hirsute, at least basally Mirabilis linearis var. subhispida
1 Stems minutely puberulent, glabrate, or glabrous basally > 2
2 Leaf blades linear, grayish or bluish green; perianth white to deep rose-pink Mirabilis linearis var. linearis
2 Leaf blades linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, green; perianth pink to deep purple-pink Mirabilis linearis var. decipiens

"dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Mirabilis linearis"
Richard W. Spellenberg +
(Pursh) Heimerl +
glutinous +
acute +, attenuate +  and long +
constricted +
woody +, leathery +  and fleshy +
Allionia linearis +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
green;blue-gray +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (11.5 cm115 mm <br />0.115 m <br />) +
lanceolate;linear;linear-lanceolate +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
thick;thin;0.1cm;1cm +
persistent +
distinct +, , +  and connate +
corollalike +  and petaloid +
dark +  and pale +
branched +, congested +  and open +
subsessile +  and sessile +
Alta. +, Man. +, Sask. +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Kans. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, N.Dak. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, Nebr. +, Nev. +, Okla. +, Pa. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Wis. +, Wyo. +  and n Mexico +
curved +  and straight +
obovoid +
inconspicuous +  and showy +
cleistogamous +, chasmogamous +  and bisexual +
brown +, dark olive +  and olive brown +
tapering +  and obovate +
0.31 cm3.1 mm <br />0.0031 m <br /> (0.55 cm5.5 mm <br />0.0055 m <br />) +
distributed +
crinkled +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
tinged with purple +  and pale green +
viscid-pubescent +  and hirsute +
bell--shaped +
accrescent +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
herbaceous;papery +
sessile +  and petiolate +
unequal +
5-lobed +
pubescent +, glandular-puberulent +, glabrous +, glabrate +  and spreading-hirsute +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
entire +  and crisped +
pilose +, glandular-puberulent +  and spreading +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
chasmogamous +  and cleistogamous +
5-lobed +  and flared +
constricted +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Gen ève +
interrupted +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
tuberculate +
rounded +  and round-angled +
0.5-1 times width of sulci +
0.3-1 times as wide as high smooth or sometimes rugose on sides +
thick +  and thin +
cordlike +  and cylindric +
membranaceous +
ribbed +, 10-ribbed +  and 5-ribbed +
pubescent +, glabrous +  and warty +
wrinkled +
Illustrated +
leafy +  and branched +
erect +, ascending +  and decumbent +
fusiform +  and linear +
filiform +
inconspicuous +
cross-rugose +
mucilaginous +
hirsute +, glandular-pubescent +  and glabrous +
slightly rugose +  and prominently tuberculate +
Mirabilis hirsuta var. linearis +  and Oxybaphus linearis +
ropelike +  and swollen +
Mirabilis linearis +
Mirabilis sect. Oxybaphus +
species +
proximal +
gland-tipped +
expanded +
large +  and small +
pubescent +  and glabrous +