Monotropa hypopitys

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 387. 1753 (as hypopithys) ,.

Common names: Pine-sap monotrope du pin
Synonyms: Hypopitys americana (de Candolle) Small Hypopitys fimbriata (A. Gray) Howell Hypopitys lanuginosa (Michaux) Rafinesque Hypopitys monotropa Crantz Monotropa hypopitys subsp. lanuginosa (Michaux) H. Hara Monotropa latisquama
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 393. Mentioned on page 392, 394.

Inflorescences usually secund racemes, rarely solitary flowers, 5–32 cm; axis yellowish to orange or reddish. Pedicels nodding at anthesis, erect in fruit, finely hairy or glabrous, sometimes glandular-hairy. Flowers: sepals absent or 4–5, not similar to subtending bracts, spatulate to elliptic, 7–12 × 1–5 mm; petals 4–5, yellowish to orange or reddish, oblong, 8–17 × 4–8 mm, base narrowly saccate, margins ciliate to erose, apex acute to rounded, adaxial surfaces often hairy; nectary lobes 8–10, (paired), stout, not elongate or curved-cylindric; stamens 8–10; filaments sparsely hairy; anthers horizontal at anthesis, horseshoe-shaped, sacs of equal size; ovary 4–8 × 3–6 mm, usually hairy; style 2–10 × 1–2 mm, sparsely hairy; stigma umbilicate, 1.5–3 mm diam., often subtended by ring of crowded hairs. Capsules 4–5-segmented; segments often deciduous after seed dispersal, thin, 6–10 × 4–8 mm, without connecting, pinnate, vascular-bundles when open. Seeds 0.5–1 mm, mostly membranously winged. 2n = 48.


Phenology: Flowering spring–fall.
Habitat: Moist to mesic or dry, mixed-deciduous and coniferous forests
Elevation: 0-4300 m

Distribution

V8 742-distribution-map.gif

St. Pierre and Miquelon, Alta., B.C., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Ala., Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo., Mexico, Central America (Guatemala), Europe, c, e Asia

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broader" is not a number."thin" is not a number.

... more about "Monotropa hypopitys"
horseshoe--shaped +
Acute (?) +  and Rounded (?) +
Gary D. Wallace +
Linnaeus +
yellowish;orange or reddish +
persistent +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
fibrous +  and fleshy +
acicular;plane +
coriaceous +
4-5-segmented +
pseudoverticillate +, in basal rosettes +  and alternate +
Pine-sap +  and monotrope du pin +
persistent +  and deciduous +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
St. Pierre and Miquelon +, Alta. +, B.C. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ala. +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +, Mexico +, Central America (Guatemala) +, Europe +, c +  and e Asia +
0-4300 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (32 cm320 mm <br />0.32 m <br />) +
loculicidal +  and dehiscent +
Moist to mesic or dry, mixed-deciduous and coniferous forests +
multicellular +
whorled +, , +, opposite +, pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
persistent +
scale-like +
reduced +
ciliate +  and erose +
revolute;plane;toothed;entire;revolute;plane;toothed;entire +
curved-cylindric +  and not elongate +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
3mm;6mm +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
erect +  and nodding +
glandular-hairy +, glabrous +  and hairy +
distinct +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br />) +
4 +  and 5 +
reduced +
not sticky +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
Flowering spring–fall. +
(4-)5(-6)-carpellate +
distinct +
oblong-fusiform +
0.5mm +  and 1mm +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
distinct +
4 +  and 5 +
spatulate +  and elliptic +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
decumbent +  and erect +
peltate +  and capitate +
1.5mm +  and 3mm +
umbilicate +
straight +
2mm;10mm +
slender +  and stout +
1mm +  and 2mm +
Hypopitys americana +, Hypopitys fimbriata +, Hypopitys lanuginosa +, Hypopitys monotropa +, Monotropa hypopitys subsp. lanuginosa +  and Monotropa latisquama +
Monotropa hypopitys +
Monotropa +
species +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +