Monotropa uniflora

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 387. 1753 ,.

Common names: Indian-pipe monotrope uniflore
Illustrated
Synonyms: Monotropa brittonii Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 392.

Inflorescences solitary flowers, 5–30 cm; axis white. Pedicels nodding at anthesis, erect in fruit. Flowers: sepals (3–) 5 (–6), similar to subtending bracts, lanceolate to oblong, 7–10 × 4–6 mm; petals (3–) 5 (–6), white to pinkish or reddish, obovate, 10–20 × 5–15 mm, base slightly saccate, margins entire, apex rounded or, rarely, slightly lacerate, adaxial surfaces with scattered hairs; nectary lobes 10, elongate, curved-cylindric; stamens 8–14; filaments glabrous or sparsely hairy; anthers horizontal at anthesis, transversely ellipsoid to depressed-ovoid, abaxial pair of sacs smaller; ovary 6–12 × 5–9 mm, glabrous or sparsely hairy; style 2–7 × 2–5 mm, glabrous or sparsely hairy; stigma broadly funnelform, 2–6 mm diam., not subtended by ring of crowded hairs. Capsules 5-segmented; segments persistent after seed dispersal, stout, 7–11 × 5–12 mm, often connected along margins by fine, pinnate, vascular strands. Seeds 0.5–1 mm, mostly membranously winged. 2n = 32, 48.


Phenology: Flowering early summer–fall.
Habitat: Moist to dry, coniferous and mixed-deciduous forests
Elevation: 0-3000 m

Distribution

V8 741-distribution-map.gif

St. Pierre and Miquelon, Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Ala., Ark., Calif., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., s Mexico, Central America, South America (Colombia), s, e Asia

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broader" is not a number.

... more about "Monotropa uniflora"
transversely ellipsoid +  and depressed-ovoid or horseshoe-shaped +
Lacerate (?) +, , (?) +  and Rounded (?) +
Gary D. Wallace +
Linnaeus +
persistent +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
fibrous +  and fleshy +
acicular;plane +
coriaceous +
5-segmented +
pseudoverticillate +, in basal rosettes +  and alternate +
Indian-pipe +  and monotrope uniflore +
persistent +  and deciduous +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
St. Pierre and Miquelon +, Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, s Mexico +, Central America +, South America (Colombia) +, s +  and e Asia +
0-3000 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
hairy +  and glabrous +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
loculicidal +  and dehiscent +
Moist to dry, coniferous and mixed-deciduous forests +
multicellular +
crowded +  and scattered +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
whorled +, , +, opposite +, pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
persistent +
scale-like +
reduced +
revolute;plane;toothed;entire;revolute;plane;toothed;entire +
curved-cylindric +  and elongate +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
6mm;12mm +
hairy +  and glabrous +
5mm;9mm +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
erect +  and nodding +
distinct +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
reduced +
not sticky +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
Flowering early summer–fall. +
(4-)5(-6)-carpellate +
distinct +
oblong-fusiform +
0.5mm +  and 1mm +
connected +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
distinct +
lanceolate +  and oblong +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
Illustrated +
decumbent +  and erect +
peltate +  and capitate +
2mm +  and 6mm +
umbilicate +
straight +
hairy +  and glabrous +
slender +  and stout +
2mm +  and 5mm +
Monotropa brittonii +
Monotropa uniflora +
Monotropa +
species +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +