Monotropsis odorata

Schweinitz in S. Elliott

in S. Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 479. 1817 ,.

Common names: Sweet pinesap Carolina beechdrops pygmy-pipes
IllustratedEndemic
Synonyms: Monotropsis lehmaniae Burnham Monotropsis odorata var. lehmaniae (Burnham) H. E. Ahles Monotropsis reynoldsiae
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 394.

Inflorescences 4–13 cm; bracts 5–11 × 2–8 mm, scarious at maturity. Flowers: sepals 1.5–10 × 0.5–4 mm; corolla 5–10 mm, lobes lanceolate-ovate, base saccate, apex rounded to acute; stamens 3–6 mm; anthers inverted at anthesis, 0.5 mm diam.; ovary 1–4 × 1–3 mm, glabrous; style 2–4 × 0.5–1.5 mm; stigma whitish to dull purplish, 1 mm diam. Berries 4–8 mm diam. Seeds to 0.6–1 mm diam.


Phenology: Flowering late early spring–early summer(-winter).
Habitat: Mixed-deciduous or coniferous forests
Elevation: 0-1400 m

Distribution

V8 744-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Del., Fla., Ga., Ky., N.C., S.C., Tenn., Va.

Discussion

Other taxa of Monotropoideae also flower in the fall (e.g., Monotropa hypopitys). There are often associated differences in proportions of flower parts; usually inflorescences and flowers are smaller. The fall-flowering form of Monotropsis odorata in the Carolinas has been called var. lehmaniae. However, H. E. Ahles, who made that combination, later (1967) determined that it is a seasonal phase of M. odorata, a determination supported by R. L. Wilbur (1970b). In Florida, the fall–winter-flowering form of M. odorata has been called M. reynoldsiae. The commonly used distinguishing features are the sizes of the inflorescences and flowers, and the proportion of the calyx to the corolla. These features are variable to a degree in M. odorata, and a range may be seen even in the specimens comprising the holotype of M. reynoldsiae at Gray Herbarium.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Monotropsis odorata"
Rounded (?) +  and Acute (?) +
Gary D. Wallace +
Schweinitz in S. Elliott +
violet;purple +
persistent +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
not fibrous +  and fleshy +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
acicular;plane +
coriaceous +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
pseudoverticillate +, in basal rosettes +  and alternate +
Sweet pinesap +, Carolina beechdrops +  and pygmy-pipes +
persistent +  and deciduous +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Ala. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ky. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +  and Va. +
0-1400 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
indehiscent +
Mixed-deciduous or coniferous forests +
multicellular +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (13 cm130 mm <br />0.13 m <br />) +
whorled +, , +, opposite +, pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
persistent +
scale-like +
reduced +
lanceolate-ovate +
revolute;plane;toothed;entire;revolute;plane;toothed;entire +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
intruded-parietal +
1mm;3mm +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
not elongating +
erect +  and nodding +
reduced +
not sticky +
Flowering late early spring–early summer(-winter). +
in S. Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina +
0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
distinct +
distinct +
lanceolate-ovate +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
decumbent +  and erect +
peltate +  and capitate +
whitish +  and dull purplish +
straight +
slender +
0.5mm +  and 1.5mm +
Monotropsis lehmaniae +, Monotropsis odorata var. lehmaniae +  and Monotropsis reynoldsiae +
Monotropsis odorata +
Monotropsis +
species +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +