Monotropsis

Schweinitz in S. Elliott

in S. Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 478. 1817 ,.

Common names: Genus Monotropa and Greek
Etymology: opsis, resemblance
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 394. Mentioned on page 373.

Herbs, achlorophyllous, heterotrophic. Stems absent. Leaves absent. Inflorescences racemes, arched at emergence from soil, becoming erect in fruit, axis fleshy but not fibrous, usually not persistent after seed dispersal, violet to purple, 0.1–0.4 cm diam. proximal to proximalmost flower. Pedicels nodding at anthesis, erect but not elongating in fruit; bracteoles usually present. Flowers radially symmetric, nodding; sepals 5, distinct, lanceolate-ovate; petals 5, connate, purplish to violet, without basal tubercles, (surfaces ± glabrous), corolla campanulate; intrastaminal nectary disc present; stamens 10, included; filaments uniformly slender, glabrous; anthers ovoid, without awns, without tubules, dehiscent by 2 oval slits; pistil 5-carpellate; ovary 1-locular; placentation intruded-parietal; style straight, slender; stigma capitate, angular, without subtending ring of hairs. Fruits baccate, erect, (fleshy), indehiscent, (axis fleshy). Seeds 25–200, ovoid, not winged.

Distribution

e, se United States

Discussion

Species 1: e, se United States.

Species 1

Selected References

None.

... more about "Monotropsis"
Gary D. Wallace +
Schweinitz in S. Elliott +
violet;purple +
persistent +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
not fibrous +  and fleshy +
acicular;plane +
coriaceous +
pseudoverticillate +, in basal rosettes +  and alternate +
Genus Monotropa and Greek +
persistent +  and deciduous +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
e +  and se United States +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
opsis, resemblance +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
indehiscent +
multicellular +
whorled +, , +, opposite +, pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
persistent +
scale-like +
reduced +
revolute;plane;toothed;entire;revolute;plane;toothed;entire +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
intruded-parietal +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
not elongating +
erect +  and nodding +
reduced +
not sticky +
in S. Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina +
distinct +
distinct +
lanceolate-ovate +
decumbent +  and erect +
peltate +  and capitate +
straight +
slender +
Undefined subfam. Pyroloideae +, Undefined tribe Monotropaceae +  and Undefined tribe Pyrolaceae +
Monotropsis +
Ericaceae subfam. Monotropoideae +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +