Oxydendrum arboreum

(Linnaeus) de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle

in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 7: 601. 1839,.

IllustratedEndemic
Basionyms: Andromeda arborea Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 394. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 497.

Plants to ca. 25 (–35) m, with sour-tasting sap. Stems terete. Leaf-blades turning red in autumn, 5.5–23.5 × 2–8 cm, base cuneate to rounded, apex acute to acuminate. Flowers: calyx lobes 1–2 × 0.7–1.4 mm; corolla 4–7 × 2.5–5.5 mm; filaments 2–3.5 mm; anthers with locules narrowed distally, tubulelike; style strongly impressed into apex of ovary. Capsules 3.5–8.5 × 2–4 mm, unicellular-hairy; placentae basal. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering late spring–summer.
Habitat: Usually well-drained, acid, broadleaved forests on slopes, bluffs, in ravines, or along streams, ecotone areas in pinelands, swamp margins
Elevation: 0-1700 m

Distribution

V8 970-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Fla., Ga., Ind., Ky., La., Md., Miss., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., S.C., Tenn., Va., W.Va.

Discussion

Oxydendrum arboreum is often used as an ornamental; it sometimes persists after cultivation (or rarely escapes from cultivation) in regions north of its native range; specimen-based records from New Jersey and southern New York appear to represent such escapes from cultivation.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"/4" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Oxydendrum arboreum"
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
tubulelike +
Acute (?) +  and Acuminate (?) +
Walter S. Judd +
(Linnaeus) de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
cuneate;rounded +
Andromeda arborea +
elliptic-oblong;elliptic ovate or obovate +
coriaceous +
distal +  and medial +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.14 cm1.4 mm <br />0.0014 m <br />) +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.85 cm8.5 mm <br />0.0085 m <br />) +
unicellular-hairy +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.55 cm5.5 mm <br />0.0055 m <br />) +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, La. +, Md. +, Miss. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Va. +  and W.Va. +
0-1700 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
Usually well-drained, acid, broadleaved forests on slopes, bluffs, in ravines, or along streams, ecotone areas in pinelands, swamp margins +
brochidodromous +
unicellular-hairy +
5.5 cm55 mm <br />0.055 m <br /> (23.5 cm235 mm <br />0.235 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
deciduous +
narrowed +
entire +, serrulate +  and compound-serrate +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
reduced +
not sticky +
Flowering late spring–summer. +
in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. +
arching-declinate +
distinct +
0 +  and 1/2 +
lanceolate +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
procumbent +  and creeping +
peltate +  and capitate +
straight +
multicellular +
elongate-hairy +
Oxydendrum arboreum +
Oxydendrum +
species +
puberulent +  and glabrous +
achlorophyllous +  and chlorophyllous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +
multicellular-hairy +