Prunus armeniaca

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 474. 1753.

Common names: Apricot
Introduced
Synonyms: Armeniaca vulgaris Lamarck
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 375. Mentioned on page 355, 358.

Trees, not suckering, 50–100 dm, not thorny. Twigs with axillary end buds, glabrous. Leaves deciduous; petiole (12–) 20–45 mm, glabrous, glandular distally or on margins at bases of blades, glands 1–5; blade broadly ovate to suborbiculate, (3–) 5–9 × (2–) 4–8 cm, base usually obtuse to rounded, sometimes truncate or subcordate, margins singly to doubly crenate-serrate, teeth blunt, glandular, apex abruptly short-acuminate, abaxial surface with tufts of hairs in vein-axils, adaxial glabrous. Inflorescences solitary flowers. Pedicels 1–3 mm, hairy. Flowers blooming before leaf emergence; hypanthium tubular-campanulate, 4–6 mm, glabrous or sparsely hairy externally; sepals reflexed, oblong-ovate, 4–6 mm, margins remotely glandular-toothed, surfaces sparsely hairy; petals white (pink in bud), broadly elliptic to suborbiculate, 8–12 mm; ovaries hairy. Drupes yellow to orange, often tinged with red, ellipsoid to globose, laterally compressed, 25–60 mm, velutinous; mesocarps fleshy; stones ellipsoid to subglobose, strongly flattened, not pitted. 2n = 16.


Phenology: Flowering Mar–Apr; fruiting May–Jul.
Habitat: Roadsides, abandoned plantings
Elevation: 20–1600 m

Distribution

V9 621-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Calif., Colo., Idaho, Iowa, Kans., Mich., Mo., Mont., N.Mex., Oreg., Pa., Utah, Va., Wash., Asia (China)

Discussion

Commercial production of apricots in North America is in the western United States, mostly in the San Joaquin Valley of California. There is little market for fresh apricots because of their extremely short shelf life; most fruits are preserved by drying.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Prunus armeniaca"
Joseph R. Rohrer +
Linnaeus +
dark gray +, gray-brown +, reddish-brown +  and reddish +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
subcordate +, truncate +, usually obtuse +  and rounded +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
broadly ovate +  and suborbiculate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (18 cm180 mm <br />0.18 m <br />) +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
4cm +  and 8cm +
free +  and distinct +
Apricot +
solitary +, fascicles +, 2-flowered +  and umbellate +
Calif. +, Colo. +, Idaho +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Mich. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, N.Mex. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, Utah +, Va. +, Wash. +  and Asia (China) +
not +  and aggregated +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
tinged with red +, yellow +  and orange +
compressed +, ellipsoid +  and globose +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
20–1600 m +
flattened +
hairy +  and glabrous +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
not +  and aggregated +
not +  and aggregated +
Roadsides, abandoned plantings +
persistent +  and deciduous +
hairy +  and glabrous +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
1-64(-90)[-100]-flowered +
crassinucellate +
deciduous +
glandular-toothed +
inferior +  and superior +
biseriate +  and clustered +
collateral +  and apical +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
free +  and distinct +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
Flowering Mar–Apr +  and fruiting May–Jul. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
not arillate +
free +  and distinct +
oblong-ovate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
Introduced +
free +  and distinct +
branched +  and simple +
1 +  and 20 +
not pitted +
flattened +, ellipsoid +  and subglobose +
deciduous +
distinct +
basal +, lateral +, subterminal +  and terminal +
not elongate +
Armeniaca vulgaris +
Prunus armeniaca +
species +
inconspicuous +
tree +  and not suckering +
hairy +  and glabrous +