Prunus hortulana

L. H. Bailey

Gard. & Forest 5: 90. 1892.

Common names: Hortulan or wild goose plum
EndemicIllustrated
Synonyms: Prunus hortulana var. mineri L. H. Bailey
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 382. Mentioned on page 358, 361, 376.

Trees, rarely suckering, 40–100 dm, moderately thorny. Twigs with axillary end buds, glabrous. Leaves deciduous; petiole 6–20 mm, hairy on adaxial surface, usually glandular distally, glands 1–5; blade narrowly elliptic, lanceolate, oblanceolate, or oblong-obovate, (5–) 7–11 (–13) × (2–) 3–5.5 cm, base obtuse to rounded, margins singly to doubly crenate-serrate, teeth blunt, glandular, glands inconspicuous, blackish, apex long-acuminate, abaxial surface ± hairy along midribs and veins, adaxial glabrous or with hairs along midribs. Inflorescences 2–4-flowered, umbellate fascicles. Pedicels 8–20 mm, glabrous. Flowers blooming before or at leaf emergence; hypanthium campanulate, 2–3 mm, glabrous externally; sepals erect to reflexed, ovate, 1.5–3 mm, margins glandular-toothed, abaxial surface glabrous or sparsely hairy, adaxial densely hairy at bases; petals white, obovate, 4–9 mm; ovaries glabrous. Drupes red to yellowish with white dots, not or only slightly glaucous, globose, 20–30 (–40) mm, glabrous; mesocarps fleshy; stones ovoid-ellipsoid, ± flattened. 2n = 16.


Phenology: Flowering Apr–May; fruiting Aug–Sep.
Habitat: Roadside thickets, flood plains, open woodlands
Elevation: 50–500 m

Distribution

V9 637-distribution-map.jpg

Ark., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Mass., Mich., Mo., Nebr., Ohio, Okla., Tenn., Va., W.Va.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Prunus hortulana"
hairy +  and glabrous +
hairy +, with hairs +  and glabrous +
Joseph R. Rohrer +
L. H. Bailey +
dark gray +, gray-brown +, reddish-brown +  and reddish +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
obtuse +  and rounded +
11 cm110 mm <br />0.11 m <br /> (13 cm130 mm <br />0.13 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br /> (11 cm110 mm <br />0.11 m <br />) +
oblong-obovate +, oblanceolate +, lanceolate +  and elliptic +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (18 cm180 mm <br />0.18 m <br />) +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
3cm +  and 5.5cm +
free +  and distinct +
Hortulan or wild goose plum +
solitary +, fascicles +, 2-flowered +  and umbellate +
Ark. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Tenn. +, Va. +  and W.Va. +
not +  and aggregated +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
red +  and yellowish with white dots +
glabrous +  and glaucous +
globose +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
50–500 m +
flattened +
hairy +  and glabrous +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
not +  and aggregated +
not +  and aggregated +
inconspicuous +
Roadside thickets, flood plains, open woodlands +
persistent +  and deciduous +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
umbellate +  and 2-4-flowered +
crassinucellate +
deciduous +
glandular-toothed +
inferior +  and superior +
biseriate +  and clustered +
collateral +  and apical +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
0 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
free +  and distinct +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
Flowering Apr–May +  and fruiting Aug–Sep. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
Gard. & Forest +
not arillate +
free +  and distinct +
erect +  and reflexed +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
free +  and distinct +
branched +  and simple +
1 +  and 20 +
flattened +  and ovoid-ellipsoid +
deciduous +
distinct +
basal +, lateral +, subterminal +  and terminal +
not elongate +
Prunus hortulana var. mineri +
Prunus hortulana +
species +
inconspicuous +
tree +  and suckering +
hairy +  and glabrous +