Gard. & Forest 5: 90. 1892.
Trees, rarely suckering, 40–100 dm, moderately thorny. Twigs with axillary end buds, glabrous. Leaves deciduous; petiole 6–20 mm, hairy on adaxial surface, usually glandular distally, glands 1–5; blade narrowly elliptic, lanceolate, oblanceolate, or oblong-obovate, (5–) 7–11 (–13) × (2–) 3–5.5 cm, base obtuse to rounded, margins singly to doubly crenate-serrate, teeth blunt, glandular, glands inconspicuous, blackish, apex long-acuminate, abaxial surface ± hairy along midribs and veins, adaxial glabrous or with hairs along midribs. Inflorescences 2–4-flowered, umbellate fascicles. Pedicels 8–20 mm, glabrous. Flowers blooming before or at leaf emergence; hypanthium campanulate, 2–3 mm, glabrous externally; sepals erect to reflexed, ovate, 1.5–3 mm, margins glandular-toothed, abaxial surface glabrous or sparsely hairy, adaxial densely hairy at bases; petals white, obovate, 4–9 mm; ovaries glabrous. Drupes red to yellowish with white dots, not or only slightly glaucous, globose, 20–30 (–40) mm, glabrous; mesocarps fleshy; stones ovoid-ellipsoid, ± flattened. 2n = 16.
Phenology: Flowering Apr–May; fruiting Aug–Sep.
Habitat: Roadside thickets, flood plains, open woodlands
Elevation: 50–500 m
Ark., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Mass., Mich., Mo., Nebr., Ohio, Okla., Tenn., Va., W.Va.