Prunus pumila var. besseyi

(L. H. Bailey) Waugh

Rep. (Annual) Vermont Agric. Exp. Sta. 12: 239. 1899.

Common names: Western or Bessey’s sandcherry
EndemicIllustrated
Basionym: Prunus besseyi L. H. Bailey Cornell Univ. Exp. Sta. Bull. 70: 261, plate 1. 1894
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 374. Mentioned on page 375, 381.

Stems usually erect-ascending, sometimes sprawling with ascending tips, 1–7 (–15) dm; twigs usually glabrous, sometimes sparsely puberulent. Leaf-blades elliptic, oblanceolate, or obovate, 2.5–8 × 0.8–2.2 (–2.9) cm, lengths ca. 2.9 times widths, base cuneate, apex short-acuminate, acute, or obtuse. Drupes subglobose, 8–12 × 5–12 mm; stones subglobose to ovoid, 7–9 × 5–7 mm.


Phenology: Flowering Apr–May; fruiting Jul–Aug.
Habitat: Sandy prairies, oak savannas, rock outcrops
Elevation: 200–1700 m

Distribution

V9 618-distribution-map.jpg

Man., Ont., Sask., Colo., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Minn., Mont., Nebr., N.Dak., Ohio, Oreg., S.Dak., Utah, Wis., Wyo.

Discussion

Variety besseyi has been introduced west of its native range as an ornamental and fruit bearer for the home garden, where its adaptation to cold winters and hot, dry summers is a valuable asset. Cultivars were developed by breeders at the Morden Experimental Station in Manitoba and at the University of South Dakota.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

Joseph R. Rohrer +
(L. H. Bailey) Waugh +
dark gray +, gray-brown +, reddish-brown +  and reddish +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
cuneate +
Prunus besseyi +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
obovate +, oblanceolate +  and elliptic +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (18 cm180 mm <br />0.18 m <br />) +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
0.8cm +  and 3cm +
free +  and distinct +
Western or Bessey’s sandcherry +
solitary +, fascicles +, 2-flowered +  and umbellate +
Man. +, Ont. +, Sask. +, Colo. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Minn. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Oreg. +, S.Dak. +, Utah +, Wis. +  and Wyo. +
not +  and aggregated +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
dark purple +  and nearly black +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
subglobose +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
200–1700 m +
flattened +
hairy +  and glabrous +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
not +  and aggregated +
not +  and aggregated +
Sandy prairies, oak savannas, rock outcrops +
persistent +  and deciduous +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
umbellate +  and 2-5-flowered +
crassinucellate +
2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br /> (2.9 cm29 mm <br />0.029 m <br />) +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
deciduous +
glandular-toothed +
crenulate-serrulate to serrate +
inferior +  and superior +
biseriate +  and clustered +
collateral +  and apical +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.9 cm19 mm <br />0.019 m <br />) +
0 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
free +  and distinct +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
hairy +  and glabrous +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Flowering Apr–May +  and fruiting Jul–Aug. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
Rep. (Annual) Vermont Agric. Exp. Sta. +
not arillate +
free +  and distinct +
erect +  and reflexed +
obovate +, lanceolate +, ovate-elliptic +, oblong +, ovate +, semicircular +  and triangular +
0.13 cm1.3 mm <br />0.0013 m <br /> (0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br />) +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
free +  and distinct +
branched +  and simple +
erect-ascending +
1 +  and 20 +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
subglobose +  and ovoid +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
deciduous +
distinct +
basal +, lateral +, subterminal +  and terminal +
not elongate +
Amygdalus +, Armeniaca +, Cerasus +, Lauro-cerasus +, Padus +  and Persica +
Prunus pumila var. besseyi +
Prunus pumila +
variety +
callus-tipped +
blunt +  and sharp +
inconspicuous +
puberulent +  and glabrous +
shrub +  and suckering +
hairy +  and glabrous +