Prunus tomentosa

Thunberg in J. A. Murray

in J. A. Murray, Syst. Veg. ed. 14, 464. 1784.

Common names: Nanking or Manchu cherry
Introduced
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 372. Mentioned on page 356, 358, 373.

Shrubs, not suckering, 10–20 dm, not thorny. Twigs with terminal end buds, densely hairy. Leaves deciduous; petiole 2–7 mm, hairy, eglandular; blade obovate to oblongelliptic, 3–6 (–7.5) × 1.7–3.5 (–4.7) cm, base obtuse to rounded, margins coarsely, singly to doubly serrate, teeth sharp, usually eglandular, sometimes glandular, glands dark, spheric, apex abruptly short-acuminate to acute, abaxial surface tomentose, adaxial rugose, hairy, sometimes sparsely so. Inflorescences usually solitary flowers, sometimes 2-flowered fascicles. Pedicels 0–5 mm, hairy. Flowers blooming before or at leaf emergence; hypanthium tubular, 3.5–6 mm, glabrous or sparsely hairy (especially at bases) externally; sepals spreading, ovate, 2.5–3.5 mm, margins serrate, sometimes glandular, abaxial surface hairy, adaxial glabrous; petals white to pale-pink (pink in bud), obovate or elliptic to suborbiculate, 9–13 mm; ovaries glabrous proximally, villous distally. Drupes red, globose, 8–15 mm, sparsely hairy; mesocarps fleshy; stones ellipsoid, not flattened. 2n = 16.


Phenology: Flowering Apr–May; fruiting Jun–Jul.
Habitat: Roadsides, fencerows, vacant lots, riparian woods
Elevation: 50–500 m

Distribution

V9 613-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Man., Ont., Sask., Ill., Iowa, Md., Mich., Minn., Nebr., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., S.Dak., Utah, Asia

Discussion

Prunus tomentosa is cultivated as a landscape plant in hedges and as a background shrub because of its spreading habit and pale pink to white petals. It produces edible fruits that are said to make excellent jelly and juice.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Prunus tomentosa"
hairy +  and tomentose +
glabrous +  and hairy +
Joseph R. Rohrer +
Thunberg in J. A. Murray +
dark gray +, gray-brown +, reddish-brown +  and reddish +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
obtuse +  and rounded +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (7.5 cm75 mm <br />0.075 m <br />) +
3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br /> (4.7 cm47 mm <br />0.047 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
obovate +  and oblongelliptic +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (18 cm180 mm <br />0.18 m <br />) +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
1.7cm +  and 3.5cm +
free +  and distinct +
Nanking or Manchu cherry +
solitary +, fascicles +, 2-flowered +  and umbellate +
Man. +, Ont. +, Sask. +, Ill. +, Iowa +, Md. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Nebr. +, N.Y. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, S.Dak. +, Utah +  and Asia +
not +  and aggregated +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
globose +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
50–500 m +
flattened +
hairy +  and glabrous +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
not +  and aggregated +
not +  and aggregated +
spheric +
Roadsides, fencerows, vacant lots, riparian woods +
persistent +  and deciduous +
hairy +  and glabrous +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
crassinucellate +
deciduous +
undulate +, toothed +, entire +, flat +  and lobed +
inferior +  and superior +
villous +  and glabrous +
biseriate +  and clustered +
collateral +  and apical +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
free +  and distinct +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
Flowering Apr–May +  and fruiting Jun–Jul. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
in J. A. Murray, Syst. Veg. ed. +
not arillate +
free +  and distinct +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
Introduced +
free +  and distinct +
branched +  and simple +
1 +  and 20 +
not flattened +  and ellipsoid +
deciduous +
distinct +
basal +, lateral +, subterminal +  and terminal +
not elongate +
Amygdalus +, Armeniaca +, Cerasus +, Lauro-cerasus +, Padus +  and Persica +
Prunus tomentosa +
species +
inconspicuous +
shrub +  and not suckering +
hairy +  and glabrous +