Ranunculus gmelinii

de Candolle

Syst. Nat. 1: 303. 1817.

Common names: Renoncule de Gmelin
Synonyms: Ranunculus gmelinii subsp. purshii (Richardson) Hultén Ranunculus gmelinii var. hookeri (D. Don) L. D. Benson Ranunculus gmelinii var. limosus (Nuttall) H. Hara Ranunculus gmelinii var. prolificus (Fernald) H. Hara Ranunculus purshii
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Stems prostrate or sometimes floating, glabrous or hirsute, rooting nodally. Leaves: basal leaves absent, cauline leaf-blades reniform to circular, 3-parted, 0.6-6.5 × 1.1-9 cm, base cordate, segments again 1-3×-lobed to dissected, margins entire or crenate, apex rounded to filiform. Flowers: receptacle sparsely hispid; sepals 4-5, spreading or reflexed from base, 2-5 × 2-4 mm, glabrous or sparsely pilose; petals 4-14, 3-7 × 2-5 mm; nectary scale variable, crescent-shaped, funnel-shaped, or flaplike; style 0.2-0.4 mm. Heads of achenes globose or ovoid, 3-8 × 3-7 mm; achenes 1-1.6 × 1-1.2 mm, glabrous; beak narrowly lanceolate or filiform, 0.4-0.8 mm. 2n = 16, 32, 64.


Phenology: Flowering spring–summer (May–Sep).
Habitat: Shallow water or drying mud, wet meadows, swamps, marshes, ponds, shores of rivers
Elevation: 0-2800 m

Distribution

V3 874-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Colo., Idaho, Ill., Iowa, Maine, Mich., Minn., Mont., Nev., N.Mex., N.Dak., Oreg., Utah, Wash., Wis., Wyo., Eurasia

Discussion

Ranunculus gmelinii has been divided into varieties on the basis of indument and flower size. These characters are variable and poorly correlated with one another, however, and these varieties scarcely seem natural.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"high" is not a number.

... more about "Ranunculus gmelinii"
64 +, 32 +  and 16 +
not prolonged +
compressed-ellipsoid +  and discoid +
1.2-3 times as wide as thick +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br />) +
with weak transverse wrinkles +  and smooth +
1mm;1.2mm +
Rounded (?) +  and Filiform (?) +
Alan T. Whittemore +
de Candolle +
cordate +
curved +  and straight +
filiform +  and lanceolate +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
lobed;divided or deeply dissected +
large +  and small +
globose;cylindric +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (6.5 cm65 mm <br />0.065 m <br />) +
3-parted;reniform;circular +
1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
Renoncule de Gmelin +
2-25-flowered +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br />) +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Colo. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Iowa +, Maine +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mont. +, Nev. +, N.Mex. +, N.Dak. +, Oreg. +, Utah +, Wash. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +  and Eurasia +
0-2800 m +
large +  and expanded +
showy +  and inconspicuous +
sessile +  and aggregate +
cylindric;obovoid;cylindric;obovoid;globose;lenticular;discoid +
Shallow water or drying mud, wet meadows, swamps, marshes, ponds, shores of rivers +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
ovoid;globose +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
axillary +  and terminal +
petiolate +, compound +  and simple +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
cauline +  and basal +
parted +  and lobed +
palmate +  and pinnate +
crenate;entire +
flaplike +, funnel--shaped +  and crescent--shaped +
distinct +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
conspicuous +
reduced +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (2.6 cm26 mm <br />0.026 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Flowering spring–summer (May–Sep). +
4 +  and 250 +
crescent--shaped +
nodal +  and basal +
not arillate +  and stalked +
white;yellow;white;yellow;purple;sometimes;green +
deciduous +
distinct +
reflexed +  and spreading +
pilose +  and glabrous +
4 +  and 5 +
oblong +  and elliptic ovate or lanceolate +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
persistent +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br />) +
Ranunculus gmelinii subsp. purshii +, Ranunculus gmelinii var. hookeri +, Ranunculus gmelinii var. limosus +, Ranunculus gmelinii var. prolificus +  and Ranunculus purshii +
Ranunculus gmelinii +
Ranunculus sect. Hecatonia +
species +
funnel--shaped +
perennial +  and annual +
hirsute +  and glabrous +
herbaceous +  and woody +