Rosa carolina subsp. carolina

Synonyms: Rosa aucuparia Rydberg R. carolina var. grandiflora (Baker) Rehder R. carolina var. villosa (Best) Rehder R. humilis Ehrhart R. lyonii Rafinesque R. parviflora R. serrulata
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 102. Mentioned on page 101.

Stems spreading, sometimes erect, usually weak; infrastipular prickles (rarely absent), subulate, rarely stout, infrequently mixed with sparse, shorter internodal prickles and aciculi not to apices, eglandular. 2n = 28.


Phenology: Flowering late May–Aug [turions Sep].
Habitat: Pastures, woodlands, glades, openings in woodlands, dry forests and woodlands, roadsides, stream banks, rocky ravines, ledges, bluffs, power line rights-of-way
Elevation: 0–800 m

Distribution

V9 148-distribution-map.jpg

N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Subspecies carolina is characterized by short, weak, spreading or erect stems armed with erect, flat or, infrequently, subulate, paired infrastipular prickles, and is common in the eastern and southeastern United States, corresponding to the Austroriparian Subprovincial Element (S. P. McLaughlin 2007). To the west, it occurs less frequently in lowland areas and is replaced elsewhere in drier areas by subsp. subserrulata; intergrades are found in eastern Midwest regions. Subspecies carolina is relatively rare in Arkansas, Kansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

eglandular +  and glandular +
stipitate-glandular +, puberulent +, pubescent +  and glabrous +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
2.5mm +  and 3mm +
lustrous +  and dull +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
Walter H. Lewis +, Barbara Ertter +  and Anne Bruneau +
Linnaeus +
reddish-brown +
exfoliating +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
cuneate +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (6.3 cm63 mm <br />0.063 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
lustrous +  and dull +
lanceolate +, elliptic +  and ovate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
9mm +  and 28mm +
persistent +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br />) +
lanceolate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
free +  and distinct +
1-16(-50)-flowered +
rarely puberulent +  and tomentose +
rarely puberulent +  and tomentose +
N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
not +  and aggregated +
0–800 m +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (5.5 cm55 mm <br />0.055 m <br />) +
not +  and aggregated +
eglandular +  and glandular +
urceolate +, pyriform +, oblong +, ellipsoid +, ovoid-obovoid +  and globose +
Pastures, woodlands, glades, openings in woodlands, dry forests and woodlands, roadsides, stream banks, rocky ravines, ledges, bluffs, power line rights-of-way +
1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br /> (2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
orange-red +  and red +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
glabrous +  and densely sparsely stipitate-glandular +
ellipsoid +, depressed-globose +  and globose +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
conic +  and flat +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
purplish black +, purplish red +, orange-red +  and red +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
stipitate-glandular +  and glabrous +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
leathery +  and fleshy +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
1-16(-50)-flowered +
crassinucellate +
3-foliate +  and compound +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (16 cm160 mm <br />0.16 m <br />) +
deciduous +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
leathery +  and membranous +
petiolulate +  and subsessile +
elliptic +  and obovate more or less oblong obovate-elliptic lanceolate-elliptic or obovate-oblong +
entire +, 1-2+-serrate +  and subserrate +
stipitate-glandular +
entire +  and pinnatifid +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br />) +
distinct +
0mm +  and 0.5mm +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
inferior +  and superior +
clustered +, biseriate +  and superposed +
1-30(-50)-flowered +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
stipitate-glandular +  and glabrous +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.9 cm19 mm <br />0.019 m <br />) +
free +  and distinct +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br />) +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (1.9 cm19 mm <br />0.019 m <br />) +
stipitate-glandular +, pubescent +  and glabrous +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (?) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
Flowering late May–Aug [turions Sep]. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
declined +  and erect +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
stipitate-glandular +, pubescent +  and glabrous +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (?) +
not arillate +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
deciduous +
free +  and distinct +
spreading +  and reflexed +
lanceolate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
rarely densely puberulent +  and tomentose +
Illustrated +
free +  and distinct +
flexuous +
procumbent +  and sprawling +
erect +  and spreading +
1 +  and 20 +
slender +
1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br /> (2.3 cm23 mm <br />0.023 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
persistent +
not elongate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
stipitate-glandular +, puberulent +  and glabrous +
Rosa aucuparia +, R. carolina var. grandiflora +, R. carolina var. villosa +, R. humilis +, R. lyonii +, R. parviflora +  and R. serrulata +
Rosa carolina subsp. carolina +
Rosa carolina +
subspecies +
2mm +  and 10mm +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
gland-tipped +  and eglandular +
8 +  and 14 +
inconspicuous +
enlarged +  and small +
rhizomatous +  and open +
subshrub +  and shrub +
small +  and miniature +