Scleria baldwinii

(Torrey) Steudel

Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 175. 1855.

Illustrated
Basionym: Hypoporum baldwinii Torrey Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 3: 382. 1836
Synonyms: Scleria costata (Britton) Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 245. Mentioned on page 243.

Plants perennial, sometimes cespitose; rhizomes horizontal, nodulose. Culms stout, 30–90 cm, base smooth or slightly scabrous distally. Leaves: sheaths purple or brownish, tight, smooth or weakly ribbed, narrowly winged, glabrous; contraligules minute, obtuse; blades linear, keeled, shorter than culms, 1–5 mm wide, rigid, glabrous or slightly scabrous on margins. Inflorescences 1–2 cm; clusters 1, 5–15 mm wide, each with 3–7 spikelets; bracts subtending inflorescence awl-shaped, 4–15 cm × 1–4 mm. Spikelets bisexual and staminate, 5–10 mm; staminate spikelets many flowered; staminate scales lanceolate, membranous, pistillate scales ovate-acuminate, rigid. Achenes dull white or often brownish gray or with dark gray bands, obscurely trigonous, ovoid-globose, 3–4 mm, smooth, often ribbed, base without pores, sides concave between angles, distinctly trigonous, pointed, apex conspicuously mucronate; hypogynium obsolete, reduced to small brownish ring just distal to pointed base.


Phenology: Fruiting spring–summer.
Habitat: Wet, peaty or sandy soils in pinelands, savannas, and borders of ponds and lagoons
Elevation: 0–100 m

Distribution

V23 437-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., S.C., Tex., West Indies (Bahamas), West Indies (Cuba)

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Scleria baldwinii"
with dark gray bands +, brownish gray +, often +  and white +
reticulate +, verrucose +, tuberculate +  and smooth +
ovoid-globose;trigonous +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
A. A. Reznicek +, John E. Fairey III +  and Alan T. Whittemore +
(Torrey) Steudel +
shortened +
persistent +  and deciduous +
Hypoporum baldwinii +
scabrous +  and glabrous +
1mm;5mm +
glumaceous +  and foliaceous +
2-ranked +  and arranged +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
ascending +  and appressed +
awl--shaped +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
terete +, rolled +  and plicate +
wiry +  and unbranched +
erect +  and ascending +
ciliate +  and glabrous +
leaflike +, awl--shaped +  and bristle--shaped +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
trigonous +
30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br /> (90 cm900 mm <br />0.9 m <br />) +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Miss. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, West Indies (Bahamas) +  and West Indies (Cuba) +
0–100 m +
hypogynous +  and subtending +
biconvex +  and trigonous +
Wet, peaty or sandy soils in pinelands, savannas, and borders of ponds and lagoons +
pseudolateral +  and axillary +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
multi-ranked +, 2-ranked +, 3-ranked +  and alternate +
cauline +  and basal +
with (1-)3-6(-30) bristles and/or scales +
Fruiting spring–summer. +
2-3(-4)-carpellate +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
Syn. Pl. Glumac. +
small brownish +
distal;pointed +
adventitious +
pistillate +  and staminate +
basal +  and proximal +
ovate-acuminate;lanceolate +
rigid +  and membranous +
winged +, ribbed +  and smooth +
cylindric +
pointed +, trigonous +  and concave +
Illustrated +
flowered +  and staminate +
many +, 3 +  and 7 +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
septate +, hollow +  and solid +
compressed +, terete +  and trigonous +
papillate +
2-3-fid +
Scleria costata +
Scleria baldwinii +
species +
not +  and rhizomatous +
plant +  and cespitose +