Vaccinium parvifolium

Smith in A. Rees

in A. Rees, Cycl. 36: Vaccinium no. 3. 1817 ,.

Common names: Red huckleberry
Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 522. Mentioned on page 516.

Plants crown-forming, sometimes suckering when injured, 10–70 dm, not rhizomatous; twigs of current season green, sharply angled, glabrous or minutely puberulent in lines; (short lateral branches on both orthotropic and plagiotropic shoots often divaricate to 75° giving shrub a distinct fasciculate aspect). Leaf-blades dark green, ovate to oblongelliptic, 13–25 × 8–14 mm, margins entire, surfaces puberulent or glabrous abaxially, glabrous adaxially. Flowers: calyx pale green, lobes spreading, distinct, broadly ovate, 0.4–0.6 mm, glabrous; corolla pink, bronze, or yellowish green, globose to urceolate, 4–6 × 3–5 mm, thin, glaucous; filaments glabrous. Berries red, sometimes faintly glaucous, translucent, 7–10 mm diam. Seeds ca. 1 mm. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering spring–summer.
Habitat: Coniferous woods, often on stumps and logs, disturbed areas
Elevation: 0-1100 m

Distribution

V8 1016-distribution-map.gif

B.C., Alaska, Calif., Oreg., Wash.

Discussion

The red, waxy fruits of Vaccinium parvifolium were popular with all coastal Indian tribes and remain so with recreational pickers. The berries are somewhat sour but make excellent pastries and preserves. Commercial use of V. parvifolium is limited; vigorous growth, ease of harvest, and site adaptability provide opportunities.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

No values specified."entire" is not a number.

... more about "Vaccinium parvifolium"
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
Sam P. Vander Kloet +
Smith in A. Rees +
conspicuous +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
ovate;oblong-lanceolate or spatulate +
membranous;coriaceous +
Red huckleberry +
yellowish green +, bronze +  and pink +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
B.C. +, Alaska +, Calif. +, Oreg. +  and Wash. +
0-1100 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
ovoid;globose +
Coniferous woods, often on stumps and logs, disturbed areas +
terminal +  and axillary +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
subpersistent +  and deciduous +
distinct +
usually much shorter +
shorter to longer +
0.4mm +  and 0.6mm +
10-locular +, pseudo +  and 4-5-locular +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
reduced +
not sticky +
Flowering spring–summer. +
4-5-carpellate +
in A. Rees, Cycl. +
2-10-flowered +
puberulent +  and glabrous +
distinct +
ellipsoid +
procumbent +  and creeping +
creeping +, spreading +  and erect +
peltate +  and capitate +
straight +
brochidodromous +
glabrous +  and puberulent +
Vaccinium parvifolium +
Vaccinium sect. Myrtillus +
species +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
plant +  and suckering +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +
multicellular-hairy +